Dr. Georgia L. Fox

Dr. Georgia Fox

Contact Information

Phone: (530) 898-5583
Email: gfox@csuchico.edu
Office: PLMS 105


  • B.A., History, 1976, University of California, Santa Barbara
  • M.A., Anthropology, 1991. Texas A& M University
  • Ph.D., Anthropology, 1998, Texas A&M University

Research Interests

Historical archaeology, maritime and underwater archaeology, material culture studies, museum studies, and archaeological and ethnographic conservation.


I completed my doctoral work in anthropology at Texas A&M University (1998), with an emphasis in archaeology.  My dissertation focused on the clay tobacco smoking  pipe collection from Port Royal, Jamaica.  From that research, I was able to demonstrate how a body of artifacts, like clay pipes, can reflect major socioeconomic changes in 17th English culture and society. My research interests and training include terrestrial and underwater archaeology of the Bronze Age Eastern Mediterranean, the Caribbean, and maritime California, with a current focus on British colonization of the New World.  Since 2004, I have been concentrating on historical archaeological research on Antigua, most specifically at the Betty’s Hope Plantation, where I have been conducting terrestrial excavations and a summer field school since 2007.  I am currently working on a book that deals with issues of British colonialism in relation to world systems theory and the environmental devastation caused by the sugar plantocracy, using Betty’s Hope as my case study.  I am also currently working on a book manuscript about the historical archaeology of tobacco in American life.

Museum Studies

Upon graduation, many of our students end up working in cultural heritage management, therefore I advocate taking coursework or developing an expertise in museum studies.  I was hired in 2001 to co-direct the Valene L. Smith Museum of Anthropology, along with Dr. Stacy Schaefer, a cultural anthropologist, and Curator, Adrienne Scott.  As the former Curator of the Santa Barbara Maritime Museum, and by serving as a consultant to museums over the years, I greatly enjoy bringing practical experience to the classroom, with a very hands-on approach to museum studies grounded by a strong theoretical and methodological approach and having a keen eye to preparing students for employment and careers in cultural heritage management.

Archaeological and Ethnographic Conservation

I became interested in conservation in the 1980s, and studied with Carlos Osona, a paintings conservator, and Carol Kenyon, who served as a conservator for the California missions.  Later, at Texas A&M, I studied archaeological conservation with Dr. Donny Hamilton, who served as my mentor, and then was guided by Dr. David Scott at the Getty Conservation Institute, particularly in my research on archaeological metals. I did my MA Thesis on the conservation of the bronze artifacts from Tel Nami, Israel, directed by Dr. Michel Artzy. As a practicing archaeologist and conservator, I find having some exposure to conservation essential for today’s job market, and having a conservation plan an important part of any archaeological field work.  Since coming to CSU Chico, I established the Heritage Resources Conservation Laboratory (HRCL), which trains students through coursework and contracts.