Biological Sciences Course Offerings

Please see the section on "Course Description Symbols and Terms" in The University Catalog for an explanation of course description terminology and symbols, the course numbering system, and course credit units. All courses are lecture and discussion and employ letter grading unless otherwise stated. Some prerequisites may be waived with faculty permission. Many syllabi are available on the Chico Web.

Some 400/500/600-level courses are on an alternate-year schedule. Check with Department of Biological Sciences Office for schedule.

BIOL101 Concepts of Biology 3.0 Fa/Spr

Study of the nature and interaction of living things on the planet. Includes cell organization; diversity and structure of plants and animals; DNA and genetics; ecology; and evolution. Primarily for students without a strong high school biology or chemistry background. This is an approved General Education course. Formerly BIOL 001.

BIOL103 Human Anatomy 4.0 Fa/Spr

Study of the structure of the human body, to include muscles, bones, heart, brain, ear, eye, and other systems, as well as a short look at development of the fetus. Lab work entails dissection of the cat and study of the human skeleton. This is an approved General Education course. Special fee required; see The Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 003. CAN BIOL10.

BIOL104 Human Physiology 4.0 Fa/Spr

Basic functioning of the organ systems of the human body, including the brain and nervous system; vision and hearing; heart and circulation; blood and immunity; respiration, digestion and metabolism; muscles; excretory, endocrine, and reproductive systems. This is an approved General Education course. Formerly BIOL 004. CAN BIOL12.

BIOL105 Food, Fiber, and Drugs 3.0 Fa/Spr

Designed specifically for non-majors. Emphasis on broad biological principles, as illustrated by plants, and the economic importance and role of plants in human ecology. Formerly BIOL 005.

BIOL108 Principles of Biology 3.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: High school biology and chemistry.

Principles of Biology provides an understanding of the human ecosystem and the effects of human populations on ecosystem productivity; the theories of evolution and heredity; modern genetic technology; the biology of cancer and AIDS; and human reproduction. Laboratory consists of scientific investigations designed by students. Designed primarily for students in the sciences and related fields. This is an approved General Education course. Formerly BIOL 008.

BIOL151 Biological Principles 4.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: Recommend CHEM 111 or concurrent enrollment.

Introduction to biological molecules, bioenergetics, cellular structure and function, elements of molecular biology and genetics, and mechanisms of macroevolution and systematics. Special fee required; see The Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 006A.

BIOL152 Biological Principles 4.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: BIOL 151; recommend CHEM 112 or concurrent enrollment.

Introduction to evolutionary history and biological diversity, microbes and protists, invertebrates, vertebrates, and plants. Form and function of plants and animals. Ecological principles. Formerly BIOL 006B.

BIOL198 Special Topics 1.0-3.0 Fa/Spr

This course is for special topics offered for 1.0-3.0 units. Typically the topic is offered on a one-time-only basis and may vary from term to term and be different for different sections. See The Class Schedule for the specific topic being offered. Formerly BIOL 098.

BIOL209 General Botany 3.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: BIOL 152 or faculty permission.

Introduction to morphology, physiology, ecology, and evolution of all plant groups. Special fee required; see The Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 009. CAN BIOL 6.

BIOL210 General Zoology 3.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: BIOL 152 or faculty permission.

Introduction to the animal kingdom, emphasizing relationships, adaptations, development, morphology, and physiology of the major groups. Special fee required; see The Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 010. CAN BIOL 4.

BIOL211 General Microbiology 4.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: A college course in biology and in general chemistry.

Introduction to structure/function, metabolism, genetics, ecological interactions and pathogenic mechanisms of microorganisms. In addition, the roles of microorganisms in sanitation and in the food and biotechnology industries will be discussed. Special fee required; see The Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 011. CAN BIOL14.

BIOL302 Evolution 3.0 Spring
Prerequisites: BIOL 101 or BIOL 108 or equivalent.

Analysis of the evidence for evolution and the nature of the process. Darwinism, neo-Darwinism, sociobiology, conflicts and misconceptions regarding evolution, creationism, and evolution of the human body and mind are considered. Formerly BIOL 102.

BIOL303 Human Genetics 3.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: One biological sciences course.

The inheritance, expression, and evolution of the genetic material in humans. Topics include genetic engineering, gene therapy, prenatal diagnosis, cancer, the human genome project, genetic influences on human behavior, such as homosexuality and mental illness, and the social and ethical consequences of the new technologies. This is an approved General Education course. Formerly BIOL 103.

BIOL305 Museum Techniques 2.0 Inquire
Prerequisites: Previous biological sciences course work is recommended.

Techniques of preparing biological specimens for study and display, with emphasis on vertebrate specimens. Museum and taxidermy mounts, wet and dry skeletons, and other preservation and display techniques will be covered. Practical work will be stressed. Formerly BIOL 007.

BIOL307 Microbes and Disease 3.0 Spring
Prerequisites: BIOL 101 or BIOL 108. Not open for credit to students majoring in microbiology or who have taken, or are taking, BIOL 211.

Overview of infectious diseases, immunological diseases, vaccines, and modern approaches to disease control. Formerly BIOL 107.

BIOL315 Human Biology 3.0 Spring
Prerequisites: One biological sciences course, preferably introductory biology.

A study of human beings from a biological perspective, including their evolution, physiology, behavior, and ecology. Formerly BIOL 115.

BIOL318 Biology of Childhood 3.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: One biological sciences course.

Basic biological principles, including the scientific method, reproduction, development, physiology, and anatomy. The biological basis of childhood diseases, immunity, nutrition, issues of health and well-being, and the relevance of biological information in social, political, and ethical decision making regarding children. This is an approved General Education course. Formerly BIOL 118.

BIOL322 Science and Human Values 3.0 Spring
Prerequisites: BIOL 101 or BIOL 108.

Critically examines scientific and humanistic world views and sensibilities, directly applying these approaches to contemporary social and personal problems. This is an approved General Education course. Formerly BIOL 116.

BIOL322H Science and Human Values <197> Honors 3.0 Fall
Prerequisites: Acceptance into the Honors Program, faculty permission.

Critically examines scientific and humanistic world views and sensibilities, directly applying these approaches to contemporary social and personal problems. This is an approved General Education course. Formerly BIOL 116H.

BIOL334 Conservation Ecology 3.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: BIOL 101 or equivalent.

An examination of ecological principles and the impact of increasing population and technology upon the environment. This is an approved General Education course. Formerly BIOL 134.

BIOL341 Agricultural Entomology and Insect Control 3.0 Spring
Prerequisites: BIOL 101 or BIOL 108.

Recognition, taxonomy, morphology, and life histories of agriculturally important insects. Control measures, including biological, cultural, and chemical. Formerly BIOL 141.

BIOL342 Field Biology 3.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: BIOL 101 or BIOL 108.

Plant and animal morphology, classification, and ecological relationships examined through field and laboratory study. Special fee required; see The Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 142.

BIOL345 Biology of Cancer 3.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: BIOL 101 or BIOL 108.

An introduction to cancer; what it is, what causes it, and how it is diagnosed and treated. This is an approved General Education course. Formerly BIOL 195.

BIOL351 Introduction to Biological Literature 1.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: ENGL 130 (or its equivalent) with a grade of C- or higher; junior standing; BIOL 152.

Majors are expected to take this course prior to or concurrent with enrollment in any 200-level biology course. Principles of library research, scientific writing, and scientific data recording. This is a writing proficiency, WP, course; a grade of C- or better certifies writing proficiency for majors. Formerly BIOL 201.

BIOL360 Genetics 4.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: BIOL 152.

A detailed study of the principles of classical, molecular, and population/evolutionary genetics. Activities will include computer simulations of segregation, linkage, and population genetics, internet-based database searches for genetic diseases and cloned genes, and searches of the current genetic literature. Formerly BIOL 207.

BIOL380 Computer Applications in Biology 3.0 Spring
Prerequisites: BIOL 152 and a computer science course providing skills in programming. Recommended: MATH 120 or a statistics course.

Models of biological processes and systems will be used to introduce the potentials for computing in biological research. Formerly BIOL 152.

BIOL389 Clinical Laboratory Observation 1.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: Microbiology/Clinical Laboratory Science majors with no previous clinical laboratory experience and who have completed BIOL 470 or CHEM 252; faculty permission.

Students observe in a clinical hospital laboratory and in a private clinical laboratory. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 15.0 units. Credit/no credit grading only. Formerly BIOL 189.

BIOL398 Special Topics 1.0-3.0 Fa/Spr

This course is for special topics offered for 1.0-3.0 units. Typically the topic is offered on a one-time-only basis and may vary from term to term and be different for different sections. See The Class Schedule for the specific topic being offered. Formerly BIOL 198.

BIOL399 Special Problems 1.0-3.0 Fa/Spr

This course is an independent study of special problems offered for 1.0-3.0 units. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. Research in biology under direct supervision of faculty member. For majors only. This course counts toward the upper-division biology units required for the BS. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 6.0 units. Credit/no credit grading only. Formerly BIOL 199.

BIOL400 Fundamentals of Ecology 4.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: BIOL 152 or faculty permission. Some taxonomic background is recommended.

Interrelationships among living organisms, field observations of such phenomena. Application of quantitative and qualitative methods to the interpretation of ecological phenomena. Special fee required; see The Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 258.

BIOL402 Microbial Ecology 4.0 Spring
Prerequisites: BIOL 152. Recommended: BIOL 211.

The roles and interactions of viruses, bacteria, algae, protozoa, and fungi in the natural and human environment, stressing fundamental principles of ecology and evolution. Special fee required; see The Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 275.

BIOL404 Aquatic Ecology 4.0 Fall
Prerequisites: BIOL 152, CHEM 112.

Physical, chemical, and biological factors influencing the ecology of inland waters. Special fee required; see The Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 259.

BIOL408 Principles of Evolution 3.0 Fall
Prerequisites: BIOL 360.

A detailed study of the evolutionary process, including history, natural selection, population genetics, molecular evolution, speciation, coevolution, and macroevolution. Formerly BIOL 251.

BIOL410 Cell and Molecular Biology 4.0 Fall
Prerequisites: BIOL 152.

Introductory analysis of the structure and related functions of cells with an emphasis on the molecular mechanisms involved in membrane functon, signal transduction, intracellular compartments and transport, cell division, and apoptosis. Formerly BIOL 202.

BIOL412 Bacterial Physiology 4.0 Spring
Prerequisites: BIOL 211; BIOL 360; CHEM 270. CHEM 451 is recommended.

Study of bacterial structure and function, modes of metabolism, regulatory responses to environmental change and stress, and microbial aspects of nutrition and growth. Formerly BIOL 272.

BIOL414 Plant Physiology 4.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: BIOL 108 or BIOL 152; BIOL 209; CHEM 108 or CHEM 270; or faculty permission.

Functions in higher plants; water and soil relations, photosynthesis, respiration, enzyme action, and growth. Formerly BIOL 215.

BIOL416 Vertebrate Physiology 4.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: BIOL 152; CHEM 108 or CHEM 270. Strongly recommended: BIOL 210.

General features of vertebrate physiology. Function of muscular, nervous, respiratory, circulatory, excretory, and endocrine systems. Formerly BIOL 214.

BIOL417 Cell Physiology 3.0 Spring
Prerequisites: BIOL 152; CHEM 108 or CHEM 270.

Detailed study of cellular function, with emphasis on regulation of cellular processes, modern experimental techniques, and a chemical approach to the cell in general. Formerly BIOL 206.

BIOL418 Neurophysiology 4.0 Spring
Prerequisites: BIOL 152, BIOL 210; CHEM 108 or CHEM 270.

This course provides students with background and fundamental information necessary to pursue neuroscience at the graduate or professional level. Cellular and molecular mechanisms within mammalian central nervous system are emphasized. Special fee required; see The Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 269.

BIOL420 Invertebrate Zoology 4.0 EvenSp
Prerequisites: BIOL 152, BIOL 210.

A survey of the basic biology of the principal invertebrate phyla. Emphasis placed both on morphology and contribution of each group to biological principles. Formerly BIOL 250.

BIOL422 General Entomology 4.0 Spring
Prerequisites: BIOL 152 or faculty permission. Recommended: BIOL 210.

The morphology, ecology, and physiology of insects. Economic entomology and medical entomology, and taxonomy. Special fee required; see The Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 263.

BIOL424 Parasitology 4.0 OddSp
Prerequisites: BIOL 152 or equivalent. Strongly recommended: BIOL 210.

Biology of human and animal parasites, with emphasis on life cycles and control strategies. Formerly BIOL 212.

BIOL426 Embryology 4.0 Spring
Prerequisites: BIOL 152; BIOL 210 or faculty permission.

Principles and theories of animal delevopments, emphasizing the vertebrate. Formerly BIOL 220.

BIOL428 Animal Behavior 3.0 OddFa
Prerequisites: BIOL 152, BIOL 210.

Consideration of the basic problems in animal behavior, including orientation, social behavior, and the nature and organization of animal societies. Formerly BIOL 256.

BIOL430 Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates 4.0 Fall
Prerequisites: BIOL 152, BIOL 210.

Explanation of the anatomical similarities and differences of selected vertebrates. The evolution and adaptive significance of various systems are considered. Formerly BIOL 205.

BIOL432 Ichthyology 4.0 EvenSp
Prerequisites: BIOL 152, BIOL 210.

Morphology, ecology, behavior, and systematics of California fishes, with an introduction to fisheries biology. Special fee required; see The Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 261.

BIOL433 Herpetology 4.0 OddSp
Prerequisites: BIOL 210.

The morphology, evolution, physiology, behavior, ecology, and taxonomy of amphibians and reptiles. California amphibians and reptiles are emphasized, including field studies of local species. Special fee required; see The Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 264.

BIOL434 Ornithology 4.0 EvenSp
Prerequisites: BIOL 152, BIOL 210.

The morphology, evolution, ecology, physiology, taxonomy, and behavior of birds, including field studies of local species. Special fee required; see The Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 265.

BIOL435 Mammalogy 3.0 Fall
Prerequisites: BIOL 152.

Study of evolution, anatomy, physiology, ecology, and behavior of mammals. California mammals will be emphasized in lab. Formerly BIOL 266.

BIOL440 Plant Anatomy and Development 4.0 Spring
Prerequisites: BIOL 152.

Plant anatomical study with inclusion of modern genetic methods of analysis for a molecular understanding of plant development. Developmental concepts include biochemical signal, genetic control of cell division, cell differentiation and cell death in relationship to formation of the plant body and life cycle completion. Formerly BIOL 223.

BIOL442 Plant Morphology 4.0 Fall
Prerequisites: BIOL 152 or BIOL 209.

Comparative morphology of plant and fungal types, emphasizing evolution of structures and methods of reproduction. Formerly BIOL 225.

BIOL446 Plant Pathology 4.0 Fall
Prerequisites: BIOL 152.

Study of plant pathology encompassing parasitism and disease in plants, pathogen attack strategies, diseased plant physiology, plant defense mechanisms, environmental effects on disease and descriptions of diseases and treatments. Formerly BIOL 228.

BIOL448 Plant Systematics 4.0 Spring
Prerequisites: BIOL 152 and BIOL 209, or faculty permission.

Principles of plant classification with field study of local flora, emphasizing the higher plants and their phylogenetic relationships. Special fee required; see The Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 240.

BIOL450 Plant Geography 2.0 Fall
Prerequisites: BIOL 152, BIOL 209. Recommended: BIOL 448.

Discussion of the major plant communities with interpretation of environmental, migrational, and evolutionary processes affecting their distribution. Formerly BIOL 255.

BIOL450L Plant Geography Laboratory 1.0 EvnFa
Prerequisites: Concurrent enrollment in or prior completion of BIOL 450.

Field trips to local plant communities and laboratory work emphasizing range patterns of California plants. Formerly BIOL 255L.

BIOL452 Phycology 3.0 Spring
Prerequisites: BIOL 152.

Reproduction, morphology, taxonomy, and economic importance of the algae. Field and laboratory work with both freshwater and marine representatives. Formerly BIOL 226.

BIOL454 Mycology 4.0 Inquire
Prerequisites: BIOL 152, BIOL 209.

A survey of the fungi, with emphasis upon structure and development, classification, and economic importance. Formerly BIOL 227.

BIOL456 Field Botany 2.0 Summer
Prerequisites: BIOL 152, BIOL 209.

An examination of the ecological factors of plant distribution; taxonomy of the plants of biotic communities of northeastern California. Offered only at Eagle Lake Biological Field Station. Formerly BIOL 262.

BIOL460 Histology 4.0 OddSp
Prerequisites: BIOL 152, BIOL 210.

Microscopic analysis of tissues, organs, and organ systems of vertebrates emphasizing mammalian histophysiology. Formerly BIOL 203.

BIOL462 Hematology 3.0 OddSp
Prerequisites: BIOL 152. Recommended: BIOL 424 and CHEM 270.

The study of blood in normal and abnormal conditions. Formerly BIOL 208.

BIOL464 Medical Genetics 3.0 Spring
Prerequisites: BIOL 360.

Lectures on genetic diseases in humans, emphasizing the biochemical and molecular advances in diagnosis, treatment, gene therapy, and prevention. A significant portion of the course will deal with the molecular biology of cancer and the Human Genome Project. Formerly BIOL 217.

BIOL466 Immunology 4.0 Spring
Prerequisites: BIOL 152.

The development and expression of the immune response, the basic principles of antigen-antibody reactions and their relevance to medicine, genetics, taxonomy, and evolution. Formerly BIOL 270.

BIOL470 Medical Bacteriology 5.0 Fall
Prerequisites: BIOL 211; BIOL 466; CHEM 270. Immunization against tetanus and diphtheria required.

Biological characteristics of medically important bacteria. Mechanisms of pathogenecity and host-resistance. Laboratory procedures for isolation and identification. Special fee required; see The Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 216.

BIOL472 Microbial Genetics 4.0 Fall
Prerequisites: BIOL 360. BIOL 211 is recommended.

The molecular basis of mutation and recombination, mechanisms of gene transfer, transcription in bacteria and bacteriophages, genetics and biochemistry of regulation of bacterial operons, and bacteriophage development, and recombinant DNA application to genetic engineering. Formerly BIOL 273.

BIOL474 Food and Industrial Microbiology 3.0 Spring
Prerequisites: BIOL 211, CHEM 270.

Study of micro-organisms of industrial importance, emphasizing nutrition, metabolism, cultivation, and processing. Formerly BIOL 219.

BIOL476 General Virology 4.0 EvnFa
Prerequisites: BIOL 152. Recommended: BIOL 211.

The physical, chemical, and biological properties of bacteria and animal viruses, and their interactions with the host at cellular and organismic levels. Special fee required; see The Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 218.

BIOL479 Zooarchaeology and Field Ecology 3.0 Summer
Prerequisites: BIOL 151 and BIOL 152 or equivalent.

This comprehensive field course introduces students to zooarchaeology, vertebrate osteology, fragmentary bone identification, as well as vertebrate ecology and natural history through a spectrum of lectures, laboratory exercises and field activities. This course is offered at the Eagle Lake Biological Field Station. Formerly BIOL 279.

BIOL480 Developmental Biology 3.0 EvnFa
Prerequisites: BIOL 152.

Includes concepts of macro-molecular assembly, biochemical signals, genetic controls, and morphological processes involved during development of organisms. The experimentally oriented laboratory exercises cover cell differentiation in fungi, plants, and animals, cell movement and communication mechanisms, teratogenic effects on limb development, regeneration, and metamorphosis. Formerly BIOL 230.

BIOL484 Field Ecology 3.0 Inquire
Prerequisites: BIOL 152.

Principles of ecology illustrated in the context of biotic communities of northern California. Field studies using quantitative and qualitative approaches. Laboratory segment offered at Eagle Lake Biological Field Station. Formerly BIOL 254.

BIOL485 Electron Microscopy 2.0 Spring
Prerequisites: PHYS 202A, PHYS 202B.

Introduction to electron optics and electron microscope construction. Electron microscope operation by demonstration only. Formerly BIOL 295.

BIOL489 Internship 1.0-3.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: Necessary background for the specific internship;

This internship course is offered for 1.0-3.0 units. You must register with a supervising faculty member. The internship program is designed to provide students with direct field or laboratory research experience in occupational settings. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 15.0 units. Credit/no credit grading only. Formerly BIOL 289.

BIOL492 Seminars in Biological Science 1.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: Junior or senior standing or faculty permission.

Analysis of seminars on various topics in the biological sciences. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 6.0 units. Credit/no credit grading only. Formerly BIOL 292.

BIOL494 Senior Seminar in Biology 1.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: Senior standing.

Presentation and discussion of scientific reports based on current literature. Credit/no credit grading only. Formerly BIOL 291.

BIOL496 Field Studies in Natural History 1.0-3.0 Inquire

This course is a field study offered for 1.0-3.0 units. You must register directly with as supervising faculty member. Concentrated field study of habitats or organisms in the field. Forty-five hours of field work for each unit of credit. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 3.0 units. Formerly BIOL 296.

BIOL498 Special Topics 1.0-4.0 Fa/Spr

This course is for special topics offered for 1.0-4.0 units. Typically the topic is offered on a one-time-only basis and may vary from term to term and be different for different sections. See The Class Schedule for the specific topic being offered. Formerly BIOL 298.

BIOL499H Honors Research in Biological Sciences 6.0 Inquire
Prerequisites: Faculty permission.

An intensive 6-unit, one-year course in biological research. See department office for details. (Open only to students with at least a 3.0 GPA in the major.) The course will consist of participation in a team research effort. Formerly BIOL 299H.

BIOL510 Advanced Cellular/Molecular Biology 3.0 EvnFa
Prerequisites: BIOL 360, CHEM 451.

Theory and strategies used in procaryotic and eucaryotic molecular biology. DNA manipulations, cloning systems, immunological assays, and protein purification and analytical techniques. Formerly BIOL 331.

BIOL512 Advanced Physiology/Cell Biology 3.0 OddFa
Prerequisites: BIOL 410, BIOL 417,s BIOL 426.

Examination of the underlying molecular and bio-chemical mechanisms which allow physiological adaptations, establishment of pattern formation and differentiation of eucaryotic organisms. Formerly BIOL 332.

BIOL514 Population Ecology 4.0 EvnFa
Prerequisites: BIOL 400.

Study and lecture/discussion of population ecology, with an emphasis on field methods used on local populations. Special fee required; see The Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 357.

BIOL558 Community and Ecosystem Ecology 3.0 OddSp
Prerequisites: BIOL 400 and a statistics course.

The analysis, modeling, and computer simulation of the structure and function of communities and ecosystems, with emphasis on patterns of competition, predation, energy and nutrient flow and succession. Formerly BIOL 358.

BIOL562 Experimental Parasitology 3.0 Inquire
Prerequisites: BIOL 006, graduate standing.

Laboratory and field studies of parasitic infections. Directed original investigations and experimentation on the parasites of humans, domestic animals, and natural infections of animals in the wild. Formerly BIOL 312.

BIOL563 Social Insects 3.0 OddFa
Prerequisites: BIOL 422.

An advanced course for studying the problems of phylogeny, behavior, social organization, ecology, and zoogeography of social insects. Formerly BIOL 363.

BIOL569 Topics in Limnology 4.0 OddSp
Prerequisites: BIOL 404.

Study of the functional dynamics of aquatic ecosystems. Formerly BIOL 359.

BIOL570 Developmental Plant Biology 4.0 EvnFa
Prerequisites: BIOL 414 or BIOL 440 or BIOL 442.

A consideration of the processes involved in plant growth and the development of form, with emphasis on higher plants and recent experimental approaches. Formerly BIOL 330.

BIOL571 Plant Systematics 4.0 OddSp
Prerequisites: BIOL 448.

Advanced principles of plant classification, with emphasis on the grasses, sedges, and composites. Formerly BIOL 340.

BIOL572 Plant Ecology 4.0 EvenSp
Prerequisites: BIOL 448, BIOL 400, graduate standing.

Autecology, emphasizing California vascular plants, with focus on current topics in behavioral and reproductive ecology. Field project work and detailed literature survey. Formerly BIOL 352.

BIOL575 Ecological Plant Physiology 4.0 Spring
Prerequisites: BIOL 414.

This course focuses on the way different plant species and functional types react in various locations and in all climatic zones. Emphasis is placed on mechanisms underlying plant physiological ecology at the levels of biochemistry, biophysics, molecular biology, and whole-plant physiology. Formerly BIOL 315.

BIOL585 Electron Microscope Operation Laboratory 2.0 Spring
Prerequisites: May be taken concurrently with BIOL 485 and

Introduction to the use of scanning and transmission electron microscopes, including daily operation, alignment, and routine maintenance. Special fee required; see The Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 395.

BIOL586 Biological Preparations for Electron Microscopy 4.0 Inquire
Prerequisites: BIOL 410 or faculty permission.

Preparation of biological specimens for scanning and transmission electron microscopes, using chemical and physical procedures. Emphasis is on preservation, localization, and identification of biological molecules. Special fee required; see The Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 396.

BIOL600 Research in Biological Sciences 3.0 Fall
Prerequisites: Admission into the graduate program in biology or botany.

Orientation to literature review and thesis research. Strategies and techniques used in molecular, cellular, organismic, and ecological research. Required of all biology/botany graduate students during their first fall semester and will include sign-up for the Graduate Qualifying Examination to be given the next semester. Formerly BIOL 300.

BIOL605 Biological Seminar 1.0 Spring

Presentation and discussion of reports based on current biological literature and special studies by graduate students. Formerly BIOL 305A.

BIOL610 Topics in Cell/Molecular Biology 1.0-3.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: BIOL 510.

This course is a special topic offered for 1.0-3.0 units. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. Detailed discussion of selected topics in molecular and cellular biology. Extensive survey of current literature and analysis of research strategies. Topics will be selected and advertised by instructor. Past topics have included molecular actions between plants and microbes; pathogenesis of disease; oncogenes and signal transduction. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 3.0 units. Formerly BIOL 333.

BIOL612 Topics in Physiological/Developmental Biology 1.0-3.0 Fa/Spr
Prerequisites: BIOL 512.

This course is a special topic offered for 1.0-3.0 units. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. Detailed discussion of selected contemporary topics in physiological and developmental biology. Topic will be selected and advertised by the instructor. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 3.0 units. Formerly BIOL 334.

BIOL614 Topics in Ecology and Systematics 1.0-3.0 OddSp
Prerequisites: BIOL 400.

This course is a special topic offered for 1.0-3.0 units. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. Detailed investigation of selected special topics in ecology, systematics, or evolutionary biology. Extensive survey of current literature. Topics will be selected and advertised by the instructor. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 4.0 units. Formerly BIOL 341.

BIOL697 Independent Study 1.0-4.0 Fa/Spr

This course is a graduate-level independent study offered for 1.0-3.0 units. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. Survey and careful study of literature, experimentation, observation, and collection of data in field and laboratory. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 6.0 units. Formerly BIOL 398.

BIOL699T Master's Thesis 1.0-6.0 Fa/Spr

This course is a master's study offered for 1.0-6.0 units. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 6.0 units. Formerly BIOL 399T.