Biological Sciences Course Offerings

Please see the section on "Course Description Symbols and Terms" in the University Catalog for an explanation of course description terminology and symbols, the course numbering system, and course credit units. All courses are lecture and discussion and employ letter grading unless otherwise stated. Some prerequisites may be waived with faculty permission. Many syllabi are available on the Chico Web.

Some 400/500/600-level courses are on an alternate-year schedule. Check with Department of Biological Sciences Office for schedule.

Concepts of Biology
3.0 Fa/Spr

Study of the nature and interaction of living things on the planet. Includes cell organization; diversity and structure of plants and animals; DNA and genetics; ecology; and evolution. Primarily for students without a strong high school biology or chemistry background. 4.0 hours activity, 1.0 hours lecture. (001105)

Human Anatomy
4.0 Fa/Spr

Study of the structure of the human body, to include muscles, bones, heart, brain, ear, eye, and other systems, as well as a short look at development of the fetus. Lab work entails dissection of the cat and study of the human skeleton. 3.0 hours laboratory, 3.0 hours lecture. This is an approved General Education course. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (001110)

Human Physiology
4.0 Fa/Spr

Basic functioning of the organ systems of the human body, including the brain and nervous system; vision and hearing; heart and circulation; blood and immunity; respiration, digestion and metabolism; muscles; excretory, endocrine, and reproductive systems. 3.0 hours laboratory, 3.0 hours lecture. This is an approved General Education course. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (001114)

Food, Fiber, and Drugs
3.0 Fa/Spr

Designed specifically for non-majors. Emphasis on broad biological principles, as illustrated by plants, and the economic importance and role of plants in human ecology. 2.0 hours lecture, 3.0 hours laboratory. (001119)

Principles of Biology
3.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: High school biology and chemistry.

Principles of Biology provides an understanding of the human ecosystem and the effects of human populations on ecosystem productivity; the theories of evolution and heredity; modern genetic technology; the biology of cancer and AIDS; and human reproduction. Laboratory consists of scientific investigations designed by students. Designed primarily for students in the sciences and related fields. 3.0 hours laboratory, 2.0 hours lecture. (001125)

Principles of Cellular and Molecular Biology
4.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: Recommend CHEM 111 or concurrent enrollment.

Introduction to biological molecules, bioenergetics, cellular structure and function, elements of molecular biology and genetics, and mechanisms of macroevolution and systematics. 3.0 hours laboratory, 3.0 hours lecture. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (001122)

Principles of Ecological, Evolutionary, and Organismal Biology
4.0 Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 151 or faculty permission; recommend CHEM 112 or concurrent enrollment.

Introduction to evolutionary history and biological diversity, microbes and protists, invertebrates, vertebrates, and plants. Form and function of plants and animals. Ecological principles. 3.0 hours lecture, 3.0 hours laboratory. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (001123)

Principles of Physiology and Development
4.0 Fall

Prerequisites: BIOL 151; CHEM 112 or concurrent enrollment recommended.

Introduction to plant and animal physiology and development. Laboratory consists of small group independent investigations of biological questions that include student-devised experiments; application of biological techniques, data analysis, and peer reviewed presentation of results. 3.0 hours laboratory, 3.0 hours lecture. (020284)

Special Topics
1.0-3.0 Fa/Spr

This course is for special topics offered for 1.0-3.0 units. Typically the topic is offered on a one-time-only basis and may vary from term to term and be different for different sections. See the Class Schedule for the specific topic being offered. (001135)

Allied Health Microbiology
4.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: A college course in biology and in general chemistry.

Introduction to structure/function, metabolism, genetics, ecological interactions and pathogenic mechanisms of microorganisms. In addition, the roles of microorganisms in sanitation and in the food and biotechnology industries will be discussed. 3.0 hours lecture, 3.0 hours laboratory. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (001132)

Evolution
3.0 Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 101 or BIOL 108 or equivalent.

Analysis of the evidence for evolution and the nature of the process. Darwinism, neo-Darwinism, sociobiology, conflicts and misconceptions regarding evolution, creationism, and evolution of the human body and mind are considered. This is an approved General Education course. (001139)

Human Genetics
3.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: One biological sciences course.

The inheritance, expression, and evolution of the genetic material in humans. Topics include genetic engineering, gene therapy, prenatal diagnosis, cancer, the human genome project, genetic influences on human behavior, such as homosexuality and mental illness, and the social and ethical consequences of the new technologies. This is an approved General Education course. (001140)

Museum Techniques
2.0 Inquire

Prerequisites: Previous biological sciences course work is recommended.

Techniques of preparing biological specimens for study and display, with emphasis on vertebrate specimens. Museum and taxidermy mounts, wet and dry skeletons, and other preservation and display techniques will be covered. Practical work will be stressed. 1.0 hours lecture, 3.0 hours laboratory. (001124)

Microbes and Disease
3.0 Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 101 or BIOL 108. Not open for credit to students majoring in microbiology or who have taken, or are taking, BIOL 211.

Overview of infectious diseases, immunological diseases, vaccines, and modern approaches to disease control. (001143)

Human Biology
3.0 Spring

Prerequisites: One biological sciences course, preferably introductory biology.

A study of human beings from a biological perspective, including their evolution, physiology, behavior, and ecology. (001147)

Biology of Childhood
3.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: One biological sciences course.

Basic biological principles, including the scientific method, reproduction, development, physiology, and anatomy. The biological basis of childhood diseases, immunity, nutrition, issues of health and well-being, and the relevance of biological information in social, political, and ethical decision making regarding children. This is an approved General Education course. (001151)

Science and Human Values
3.0 Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 101 or BIOL 108.

Critically examines scientific and humanistic world views and sensibilities, directly applying these approaches to contemporary social and personal problems. This is an approved General Education course. This course is also offered as PHIL 322. (001148)

Science and Human Values - Honors
3.0 Fall

Prerequisites: Acceptance into the Honors Program, faculty permission.

Critically examines scientific and humanistic world views and sensibilities, directly applying these approaches to contemporary social and personal problems. This is an approved General Education course. This course is also offered as PHIL 322H. (001149)

Conservation Ecology
3.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: BIOL 101 or equivalent.

An examination of ecological principles and the impact of increasing population and technology upon the environment. This is an approved General Education course. (001156)

Agricultural Entomology and Insect Control
3.0 Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 101 or BIOL 108.

Recognition, taxonomy, morphology, and life histories of agriculturally important insects. Control measures, including biological, cultural, and chemical. 3.0 hours laboratory, 2.0 hours discussion. (001157)

Field Biology
3.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: BIOL 101 or BIOL 108.

Plant and animal morphology, classification, and ecological relationships examined through field and laboratory study. 3.0 hours laboratory, 2.0 hours discussion. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (001158)

Biology of Cancer
3.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: One lower-division course in Biological Sciences.

An introduction to cancer; what it is, what causes it, and how it is diagnosed and treated. This is an approved General Education course. (001165)

Fundamentals of Ecology
3.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: ENGL 130 (or its equivalent) with a grade of C- or higher, BIOL 152 or faculty permission. Some taxonomic background is recommended.

Interrelationships among living organisms, field observations of such phenomena. Application of quantitative and qualitative methods to the interpretation of ecological phenomena. 2.0 hours discussion, 3.0 hours laboratory. This is a writing proficiency, WP, course; a grade of C- or better certifies writing proficiency for majors. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 400. (001206)

Introduction to Biological Literature
1.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: ENGL 130 (or its equivalent) with a grade of C- or higher; junior standing; BIOL 152.

Majors are expected to take this course prior to or concurrent with enrollment in any 200-level biology course. Principles of library research, scientific writing, and scientific data recording. (001168)

Genetics
4.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: BIOL 153 or permission of instructor.

A detailed study of the principles of classical, molecular, and population/evolutionary genetics. Activities will include computer simulations of segregation, linkage, and population genetics, internet-based database searches for genetic diseases and cloned genes, and searches of the current genetic literature. 1.0 hours discussion, 3.0 hours lecture. (001173)

Advanced Plant Biology
3.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: BIOL 151, BIOL 152, and BIOL 153, or faculty permission.

Advanced study of plant anatomy, morphology, physicology, ecology, and evolution. 2.0 hours lecture, 3.0 hours laboratory. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (020280)

Advanced Zoology
3.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: BIOL 151, BIOL 152, and BIOL 153, or faculty permission.

Advanced study of animal anatomy, morphology, physiology, ecology, and evolution. 2.0 hours lecture, 3.0 hours laboratory. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (020281)

Microbiology
4.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: ENGL 130 (or its equivalent) with a grade of C- or higher; BIOL 151, BIOL 152, BIOL 153, or faculty permission.

Introduction to the biology of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms, as well as viruses. Topics include cell structure, metabolism, genetics; ecological interactions; pathogenic mechanisms; and the roles of microorganisms in sanitation, food production, and biotechnology. The lab focuses on methods for growing and studying diverse microbes. 2.0 hours lecture, 6.0 hours laboratory. This is a writing proficiency, WP, course; a grade of C- or better certifies writing proficiency for majors. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 321. (020279)

Computer Applications in Biology
3.0 Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 152 and a computer science course providing skills in programming. Recommended: MATH 120 or a statistics course.

Models of biological processes and systems will be used to introduce the potentials for computing in biological research. 3.0 hours laboratory, 2.0 hours seminar. (001159)

Clinical Laboratory Observation
1.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: Microbiology/Clinical Laboratory Science majors with no previous clinical laboratory experience and who have completed BIOL 470 or CHEM 252; faculty permission.

Students observe in a clinical hospital laboratory and in a private clinical laboratory. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 15.0 units. Credit/no credit grading only. (001161)

Special Topics
1.0-3.0 Fa/Spr

This course is for special topics offered for 1.0-3.0 units. Typically the topic is offered on a one-time-only basis and may vary from term to term and be different for different sections. See the Class Schedule for the specific topic being offered. (001166)

Special Problems
1.0-3.0 Fa/Spr

This course is an independent study of special problems offered for 1.0-3.0 units. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. Research in biology under direct supervision of faculty member. For majors only. This course counts toward the upper-division biology units required for the BS. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 6.0 units. Credit/no credit grading only. (001167)

Microbial Ecology
4.0 Fall

Prerequisites: BIOL 152. Recommended: BIOL 371.

The roles and interactions of viruses, bacteria, algae, protozoa, and fungi in the natural and human environment, stressing fundamental principles of ecology and evolution. 3.0 hours laboratory, 3.0 hours lecture. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (001225)

Aquatic Ecology
4.0 Fall

Prerequisites: BIOL 152, CHEM 112.

Physical, chemical, and biological factors influencing the ecology of inland waters. 3.0 hours laboratory, 3.0 hours lecture. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (001207)

Principles of Evolution
3.0 Fall

Prerequisites: BIOL 360.

A detailed study of the evolutionary process, including history, natural selection, population genetics, molecular evolution, speciation, coevolution, and macroevolution. (001201)

Molecular Biology
4.0 Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 153, BIOL 360.

Detailed analysis of structure and related functions of cells with an emphasis on the molecular mechanisms of gene expression and gene regulation. Lectures and laboratory sessions focus on current theories and methodologies associated with cloning, nucleic acid analysis, gene expression, bioinformatics, and genomics. 2.0 hours lecture, 6.0 hours laboratory. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (020282)

Cell Biology
4.0 Fall

Prerequisites: BIOL 153, BIOL 360.

Detailed study of cellular function with an emphasis on intracellular and intercellular communication. Topics include protein structure and function, properties of biological membranes, signal transduction, protein trafficking pathways, vesicular transport, cell cycle, apotopsis and cancer. 3.0 hours laboratory, 3.0 hours discussion. Formerly BIOL 410. (001169)

Bacterial Physiology
4.0 Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 371, BIOL 360, CHEM 270. CHEM 451 is recommended.

Study of bacterial structure and function, modes of metabolism, regulatory responses to environmental change and stress, and microbial aspects of nutrition and growth. 2.0 hours discussion, 6.0 hours laboratory. (001222)

Plant Physiology
4.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: BIOL 108 or BIOL 153; CHEM 108 or CHEM 270; or faculty permission.

Functions in higher plants; water and soil relations, photosynthesis, respiration, enzyme action, and growth. 3.0 hours discussion, 3.0 hours laboratory. (001181)

Vertebrate Physiology
4.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: BIOL 152, BIOL 153; CHEM 108 or CHEM 270.

General features of vertebrate physiology. Function of muscular, nervous, respiratory, circulatory, excretory, and endocrine systems. 2.0 hours discussion, 6.0 hours laboratory. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (001180)

Cell Physiology
3.0 Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 153; CHEM 108 or CHEM 270.

Detailed study of cellular function, with emphasis on regulation of cellular processes, modern experimental techniques, and a chemical approach to the cell in general. 3.0 hours laboratory, 2.0 hours discussion. (001172)

Neurophysiology
4.0 Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 152, BIOL 153; CHEM 108 or CHEM 270.

This course provides students with background and fundamental information necessary to pursue neuroscience at the graduate or professional level. Cellular and molecular mechanisms within mammalian central nervous system are emphasized. 3.0 hours laboratory, 3.0 hours lecture. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (001219)

Invertebrate Zoology
4.0 EvnSp

Prerequisites: BIOL 152, BIOL 153.

A survey of the basic biology of the principal invertebrate phyla. Emphasis placed both on morphology and contribution of each group to biological principles. 6.0 hours laboratory, 2.0 hours discussion. (001200)

General Entomology
4.0 Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 152 or faculty permission. Recommended: BIOL 153.

The morphology, ecology, and physiology of insects. Economic entomology and medical entomology, and taxonomy. 2.0 hours discussion, 6.0 hours laboratory. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (001210)

Parasitology
4.0 OddSp

Prerequisites: BIOL 152 or equivalent. Strongly recommended: BIOL 153.

Biology of human and animal parasites, with emphasis on life cycles and control strategies. 3.0 hours laboratory, 3.0 hours discussion. (001177)

Embryology
4.0 Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 152, BIOL 153, or faculty permission.

Principles and theories of animal development, emphasizing the vertebrate. 3.0 hours laboratory, 3.0 hours discussion. (001188)

Animal Behavior
3.0 OddFa

Prerequisites: BIOL 153.

Consideration of the basic problems in animal behavior, including orientation, social behavior, and the nature and organization of animal societies. 2.0 hours discussion, 3.0 hours laboratory. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (001205)

Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates
4.0 Fall

Prerequisites: BIOL 152, BIOL 153.

Explanation of the anatomical similarities and differences of selected vertebrates. The evolution and adaptive significance of various systems are considered. 6.0 hours laboratory, 2.0 hours discussion. (001171)

Ichthyology
4.0 EvnSp

Prerequisites: BIOL 152, BIOL 153.

Morphology, ecology, behavior, and systematics of California fishes, with an introduction to fisheries biology. 2.0 hours discussion, 6.0 hours laboratory. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (001208)

Herpetology
4.0 OddSp

Prerequisites: BIOL 153.

The morphology, evolution, physiology, behavior, ecology, and taxonomy of amphibians and reptiles. California amphibians and reptiles are emphasized, including field studies of local species. 3.0 hours lecture, 3.0 hours laboratory. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (001212)

Ornithology
4.0 EvnSp

Prerequisites: BIOL 152, BIOL 153.

The morphology, evolution, ecology, physiology, taxonomy, and behavior of birds, including field studies of local species. 2.0 hours discussion, 6.0 hours laboratory. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (001213)

Mammalogy
3.0 Fall

Prerequisites: BIOL 152.

Study of evolution, anatomy, physiology, ecology, and behavior of mammals. California mammals will be emphasized in lab. 3.0 hours laboratory, 2.0 hours discussion. (001215)

Plant Development
4.0 Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 153.

Plant anatomical study with inclusion of modern genetic methods of analysis for a molecular understanding of plant development. Developmental concepts include biochemical signal, genetic control of cell division, cell differentiation and cell death in relationship to formation of the plant body and life cycle completion. 3.0 hours lecture, 3.0 hours laboratory. (001189)

Plant Morphology
4.0 Fall

Prerequisites: BIOL 153.

Comparative morphology of plant types, emphasizing evolution of structures and methods of reproduction. 3.0 hours discussion, 3.0 hours laboratory. (001191)

Plant Pathology
4.0 Fall

Prerequisites: BIOL 153 or PSSC 101 or faculty permission.

Study of plant pathology encompassing parasitism and disease in plants, pathogen attack strategies, diseased plant physiology, plant defense mechanisms, environmental effects on disease and descriptions of diseases and treatments. 3.0 hours laboratory, 3.0 hours lecture. (001194)

Plant Diversity and Identification
4.0 Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 152 or faculty permission.

Principles of plant classification with field study of local flora, emphasizing the higher plants and their phylogenetic relationships. 2.0 hours discussion, 6.0 hours laboratory. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (001198)

Plant Geography
3.0 Fall

Prerequisites: BIOL 152, BIOL 369.

The composition and distribution of plant communities, emphasizing the ecological, environmental, and evolutionary processes that affect them. 2.0 hours lecture, 3.0 hours laboratory. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (020283)

Phycology
3.0 Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 152.

Reproduction, morphology, taxonomy, and economic importance of the algae. Field and laboratory work with both freshwater and marine representatives. 2.0 hours discussion, 3.0 hours laboratory. (001192)

Mycology
4.0 Inquire

Prerequisites: BIOL 152.

A survey of the fungi, with emphasis upon structure and development, classification, and economic importance. 2.0 hours discussion, 6.0 hours laboratory. (001193)

Field Botany
2.0 Summer

Prerequisites: BIOL 152.

An examination of the ecological factors of plant distribution; taxonomy of the plants of biotic communities of northeastern California. Offered only at Eagle Lake Biological Field Station. 3.0 hours laboratory, 1.0 hours discussion. (001209)

Histology
4.0 OddSp

Prerequisites: BIOL 152, BIOL 153.

Microscopic analysis of tissues, organs, and organ systems of vertebrates emphasizing mammalian histophysiology. 3.0 hours laboratory, 3.0 hours discussion. (001170)

Hematology
3.0 OddSp

Prerequisites: BIOL 153. Recommended: BIOL 424 and CHEM 270.

The study of blood in normal and abnormal conditions. 2.0 hours discussion, 3.0 hours laboratory. (001174)

Medical Genetics
3.0 Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 360.

Lectures on genetic diseases in humans, emphasizing the biochemical and molecular advances in diagnosis, treatment, gene therapy, and prevention. A significant portion of the course will deal with the molecular biology of cancer and the Human Genome Project. (001184)

Immunology
4.0 Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 153.

The development and expression of the immune response, the basic principles of antigen-antibody reactions and their relevance to medicine, genetics, taxonomy, and evolution. 3.0 hours discussion, 3.0 hours laboratory. (001220)

Medical Bacteriology
5.0 Fall

Prerequisites: BIOL 371, BIOL 466, CHEM 270. Immunization against tetanus and diphtheria required.

Biological characteristics of medically important bacteria. Mechanisms of pathogenecity and host-resistance. Laboratory procedures for isolation and identification. 3.0 hours discussion, 6.0 hours laboratory. This is a writing proficiency, WP, course; a grade of C- or better certifies writing proficiency for majors. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (001182)

Microbial Genetics
4.0 Fall

Prerequisites: BIOL 360. BIOL 371 is recommended.

The molecular basis of mutation and recombination, mechanisms of gene transfer, transcription in bacteria and bacteriophages, genetics and biochemistry of regulation of bacterial operons, and bacteriophage development, and recombinant DNA application to genetic engineering. 3.0 hours discussion, 3.0 hours laboratory. (001224)

Food and Industrial Microbiology
3.0 Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 371, CHEM 270.

Study of micro-organisms of industrial importance, emphasizing nutrition, metabolism, cultivation, and processing. (001186)

General Virology
4.0 Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 153. Recommended: BIOL 371.

The physical, chemical, and biological properties of bacteria and animal viruses, and their interactions with the host at cellular and organismic levels. 3.0 hours laboratory, 3.0 hours discussion. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (001185)

Zooarchaeology and Field Ecology
3.0 Summer

Prerequisites: Faculty permission.

This comprehensive field course introduces students to zooarchaeology, vertebrate osteology, fragmentary bone identification, as well as vertebrate ecology and natural history through a spectrum of lectures, laboratory exercises and field activities. This course is offered at the Eagle Lake Biological Field Station. 6.0 hours laboratory, 1.0 hours lecture. This course is also offered as ANTH 479. (000603)

Developmental Biology
3.0 EvnFa

Prerequisites: BIOL 153.

Includes concepts of macro-molecular assembly, biochemical signals, genetic controls, and morphological processes involved during development of organisms. The experimentally oriented laboratory exercises cover cell differentiation in fungi, plants, and animals, cell movement and communication mechanisms, teratogenic effects on limb development, regeneration, and metamorphosis. 3.0 hours laboratory, 2.0 hours discussion. (001196)

Field Ecology
3.0 Inquire

Prerequisites: BIOL 152.

Principles of ecology illustrated in the context of biotic communities of northern California. Field studies using quantitative and qualitative approaches. Laboratory segment offered at Eagle Lake Biological Field Station. 6.0 hours laboratory, 1.0 hours discussion. (001203)

Electron Microscopy
2.0 Spring

Prerequisites: PHYS 202A, PHYS 202B.

Introduction to electron optics and electron microscope construction. Electron microscope operation by demonstration only. (001233)

Internship
1.0-3.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: Necessary background for the specific internship.

This internship course is offered for 1.0-3.0 units. You must register with a supervising faculty member. The internship program is designed to provide students with direct field or laboratory research experience in occupational settings. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 15.0 units. Credit/no credit grading only. (001228)

Seminars in Biological Science
1.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: Junior or senior standing or faculty permission.

Analysis of seminars on various topics in the biological sciences. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 6.0 units. Credit/no credit grading only. (001232)

Senior Seminar in Biology
1.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: Senior standing.

Presentation and discussion of scientific reports based on current literature. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 3.0 units. Credit/no credit grading only. (001230)

Field Studies in Natural History
1.0-3.0 Inquire

This course is a field study offered for 1.0-3.0 units. You must register directly with as supervising faculty member. Concentrated field study of habitats or organisms in the field. Forty-five hours of field work for each unit of credit. 3.0 hours laboratory. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 6.0 units. (001234)

Special Topics
1.0-4.0 Fa/Spr

This course is for special topics offered for 1.0-4.0 units. Typically the topic is offered on a one-time-only basis and may vary from term to term and be different for different sections. See the Class Schedule for the specific topic being offered. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. (001242)

Honors Research in Biological Sciences
3.0-6.0 Inquire

Prerequisites: Faculty permission.

An intensive 6-unit, one-year course in biological research. See department office for details. (Open only to students with at least a 3.0 GPA in the major.) The course will consist of participation in a team research effort. 18.0 hours laboratory. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 6.0 units. (001244)

Research in Biological Sciences
3.0 Fall

Prerequisites: Admission into the graduate program in biology or botany.

Orientation to literature review and thesis research. Strategies and techniques used in molecular, cellular, organismic, and ecological research. Required of all biology/botany graduate students during their first fall semester and will include sign-up for the Graduate Qualifying Examination to be given the next semester. (001245)

Biological Seminar
1.0 Spring

Presentation and discussion of reports based on current biological literature and special studies by graduate students. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 6.0 units. (001249)

Advanced Cellular/Molecular Biology
4.0 EvnFa

Prerequisites: BIOL 409 or CHEM 451.

Theory and strategies used in procaryotic and eucaryotic molecular biology. DNA manipulations, cloning systems, immunological assays, and protein purification and analytical techniques. 3.0 hours seminar, 3.0 hours laboratory. Formerly BIOL 510. (001279)

Topics in Cell/Molecular Biology
1.0-3.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: BIOL 609.

This course is a special topic offered for 1.0-3.0 units. Detailed discussion of selected topics in molecular and cellular biology. Extensive survey of current literature and analysis of research strategies. Topics are selected and advertised by instructor. Past topics have included molecular actions between plants and microbes; pathogenesis of disease; oncogenes and signal transduction. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 9.0 units. (001281)

Advanced Physiology/Cell Biology
4.0 OddFa

Prerequisites: BIOL 411 or BIOL 414 or BIOL 416 or BIOL 417.

Examination of the underlying molecular and bio-chemical mechanisms which allow physiological adaptations, establishment of pattern formation and differentiation of eucaryotic organisms. 3.0 hours laboratory, 3.0 hours seminar. Formerly BIOL 512. (001280)

Topics in Physiological/Developmental Biology
1.0-3.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: BIOL 611.

This course is a special topic offered for 1.0-3.0 units. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. Detailed discussion of selected contemporary topics in physiological and developmental biology. Topic will be selected and advertised by the instructor. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 9.0 units. (001285)

Population Ecology
4.0 EvnFa

Prerequisites: BIOL 350.

Study and lecture/discussion of population ecology, with an emphasis on field methods used on local populations. 6.0 hours laboratory, 2.0 hours seminar. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 514. (001303)

Topics in Ecology and Systematics
1.0-3.0 OddSp

Prerequisites: BIOL 350.

This course is a special topic offered for 1.0-3.0 units. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. Detailed investigation of selected special topics in ecology, systematics, or evolutionary biology. Extensive survey of current literature. Topics will be selected and advertised by the instructor. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 4.0 units. (001291)

Landscape Ecology
3.0 Fall

Prerequisites: BIOL 350 or GEOG 444; MATH 314 or MATH 350 or GEOG 315.

This course emphasizes spatial patterning in the landscapeits causes, development, and importance for ecological and environmental processes. The course includes the study of ecological and anthropologic aspects of landscape pattern and change. The laboratory includes hands-on experience with tools used in landscape ecology. 3.0 hours laboratory, 2.0 hours lecture. This course is also offered as GEOG 660. (020295)

Experimental Parasitology
3.0 Inquire

Prerequisites: BIOL 151, graduate standing.

Laboratory and field studies of parasitic infections. Directed original investigations and experimentation on the parasites of humans, domestic animals, and natural infections of animals in the wild. 6.0 hours laboratory, 1.0 hours seminar. Formerly BIOL 562. (001258)

Social Insects
3.0 OddFa

Prerequisites: BIOL 422.

An advanced course for studying the problems of phylogeny, behavior, social organization, ecology, and zoogeography of social insects. 2.0 hours seminar, 3.0 hours laboratory. Formerly BIOL 563. (001310)

Community and Ecosystem Ecology
3.0 OddSp

Prerequisites: BIOL 350 and a statistics course.

The analysis, modeling, and computer simulation of the structure and function of communities and ecosystems, with emphasis on patterns of competition, predation, energy and nutrient flow and succession. 2.0 hours seminar, 3.0 hours laboratory. Formerly BIOL 558. (001305)

Topics in Limnology
4.0 OddSp

Prerequisites: BIOL 404.

Study of the functional dynamics of aquatic ecosystems. 6.0 hours laboratory, 2.0 hours seminar. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 569. (001306)

Plant Molecular Biology
4.0 Fa/Spr

Prerequisites: BIOL 409.

A consideration of the processes involved in plant growth and the development of form, with emphasis on higher plants and recent experimental approaches. 6.0 hours laboratory, 2.0 hours seminar. Formerly BIOL 570. (001278)

Advanced Systematics
4.0 OddSp

Prerequisites: BIOL 448.

Examination of evolutionary principles and phylogenetic methods as they relate to systematic studies across all organismal groups. Combined seminar-lab oriented course in the application of molecular protocols used in systematics and population genetics studies. Emphasis is on data gathering, data analysis, and presentation of results. 3.0 hours seminar, 3.0 hours laboratory. Formerly BIOL 571. (001290)

Plant Ecology
4.0 EvnSp

Prerequisites: BIOL 350, BIOL 448, graduate standing.

Autecology, emphasizing California vascular plants, with focus on current topics in behavioral and reproductive ecology. Field project work and detailed literature survey. 6.0 hours laboratory, 2.0 hours seminar. Formerly BIOL 572. (001299)

Ecological Plant Physiology
4.0 Spring

Prerequisites: BIOL 414.

This course focuses on the way different plant species and functional types react in various locations and in all climatic zones. Emphasis is placed on mechanisms underlying plant physiological ecology at the levels of biochemistry, biophysics, molecular biology, and whole-plant physiology. 3.0 hours lecture, 3.0 hours laboratory. Formerly BIOL 575. (001263)

Electron Microscope Operation Laboratory
2.0 Spring

Prerequisites: May be taken concurrently with BIOL 485 and

Introduction to the use of scanning and transmission electron microscopes, including daily operation, alignment, and routine maintenance. 6.0 hours laboratory. Special fee required; see the Class Schedule. Formerly BIOL 585. (001317)

Biological Preparations for Electron Microscopy
4.0 Inquire

Prerequisites: BIOL 411 or faculty permission.

Preparation of biological specimens for scanning and transmission electron microscopes, using chemical and physical procedures. Emphasis is on preservation, localization, and identification of biological molecules. 2.0 hours seminar, 6.0 hours laboratory. Formerly BIOL 586. (001318)

Independent Study
1.0-4.0 Fa/Spr

This course is a graduate-level independent study offered for 1.0-3.0 units. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. Survey and careful study of literature, experimentation, observation, and collection of data in field and laboratory. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 6.0 units. (001319)

Master's Thesis
1.0-6.0 Fa/Spr

This course is a master's study offered for 1.0-6.0 units. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 6.0 units. (001320)