Cubans blame the US economic embargo for the scarcity of building materials.

Map of Cuba

Caribbean flora is opulent and ubiquitous.


Exotically clad dancers perform for tourists at the Tropicana Club.

Map of Cuba

Rolling hills and mountain ranges cover much of Cuba’s interior.

Map of Cuba

Cuban women athletes share the joy of team success.

Internet Resources about Cuba and Cuban Women


  • Afro Cuba Web.
    This site maintains discussion groups, a newsletter, and abundant information about conferences, workshops, or events in the United States connected with Afro-Cuban topics. This is also a good source of information or contacts on Afro-Cuban artists, writers, and performers.
  • Agencia Cubana de Noticias.
    This is the official Cuban news agency.
    Main Internet portal of Cuba including a search engine, links to news and cultural events, and multiple categories of interest.
  • Cubanabooks blog.
  • Cubanet.
    Non-profit organization that "fosters free press in Cuba, assists its independent sector develop a civil society and informs the world about Cuba’s reality." This site is mostly in English and fairly anti-Castro in stance.
    Site in Spanish with bio-bibliographies and blogs about Spanish-language women writers.
  • Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales Cuba page.
    This academic site contains information on demographics, health, legislation, politics, socioeconomic profile, work, education, and the FMC as well as other government programs dealing with women’s issues in Cuba.
  • Feminism in Cuba.
    Maintained by the Center for Digital Discourse and Culture at Virginia Tech University, this site includes a bibliography and links to further bibliography and selected articles (not all links are current).
  • Federación de las Mujeres Cubanas.
    This is the official FMC site, with an abundant variety of news, links to periodicals, and blogs.
  • Granma Internacional Digital.
    Main news publication of Cuba, containing a search engine for archived articles as well as daily news and interest stories.
  • Negra Cubana Tenía que Ser blog.
  • Portal Cubarte.
    Portal of Cuban Culture maintained by the Cuban government. Includes news stories as well as links to cultural events, publications, and national as well as local organizations.
  • Unión de escritores y artistas cubanos (UNEAC).
    The National Union of Writers and Artists in Cuba offical website, with information on related news and events.
  • Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (and specifically: Committee on Women and Cuba).
  • Zafra Lit: The Blog of New Short Fiction from Contemporary Cuban Authors


Print Resources about Cuban Women and their Writing


  • Allahar, Antón L. "Women and the Family in Cuba: A Study Across Time." Humbolt Journal of Social Relations 20.1 (1994): 87-120.
  • Arguelles, Lourdes and B. Ruby Rich. "Homosexuality, Homophobia, and Revolution: Notes Toward an Understanding of the Cuban Lesbian and Gay Male Experience."
  • Hidden From History: Reclaiming the Gay and Lesbian Past. Eds. Martin Duberman, Martha Vicinus, and George Chauncey. New York: Penguin, 1990. 441-55.
  • Camara Betancourt, Madeline. Cuban Women Writers: Imagining a Matria. Trans. By David Frye. Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.
  • Davies, Catherine. A Place in the Sun? Women Writers in Twentieth-Century Cuba. St. Martins Press, 1998.
  • Duke, Dawn. Literary Passion, Ideological Commitment: Toward a Legacy of Afro-Cuban and Afro-Brazilian Women Writers. Bucknell University Press, 2008.
  • Dumoulin, John and Isabel Larguía. "La mujer en el desarrollo: estrategia y experiencias de la Revolución Cubana." Casa de las Américas 149 (1985): 37-53.
  • Eckstein, Susan Eva. Back From the Future: Cuba Under Castro. New Jersey: Princeton U P, 1994.
  • Espin, Vilma and Deborah Shnookal, ed. Cuban Women Confront the Future: Three Decades after the Revolution. Melbourne: Ocean Press, 1992.
  • González Mandri, Flora. Guarding Cultural Memory: Afro-Cuban Women in Literature and the Arts. University of Virginia Press, 2006.
  • Guevara, Ernesto (Che). "El papel de la mujer." The Cuba Reader: The Making of a Revolutionary Society. Eds. Philip Brenner, et. al. New York: Grove P, 1989.
  • Holt-Seeland, Inger. Women of Cuba. Translation of Con las puertas abiertas. Westport, Connecticut: Lawrence Hill, 1982.
  • Maloof, Judy, Ed. and Trans. Voices of Resistance: Testimonies of Cuban and Chilean Women. Lexington: U of Kentuky P, 1999.
  • Martínez-Alier, Verena. Marriage, Class and Colour in Nineteenth-Century Cuba: A Study of Racial Attitudes and Sexual Values in a Slave Society. 2nd edition. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 1989.
  • Randall, Margaret. Gathering Rage: The Failure of Twentieth Century Revolutions to Develop a Feminist Agenda. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1992.
  • Randall, Margaret. Women in Cuba—Twenty Years Later. New York: Smyrna, 1981.
  • Rodenas, Adriana Mendez. Gender and Nationalism in Colonial Cuba: The Travels of Santa Cruz Y Montalvo, Condesa De Merlin. Nashville: Vanderbilt U P, 1998.
  • Smith, Lois M. and Alfred Padula. Sex and Revolution: Women in Socialist Cuba. New York: Oxford U P, 1996.
  • Stone, Elizabeth, Ed. Women and the Cuban Revolution. New York: Pathfinder, 1981.
  • Stoner , K. Lynn. From the House to the Streets: The Cuban Woman’s Movement for Legal Reform, 1898-1940. Durham, N.C.: Duke UP, 1991.
  • Stoner , K. Lynn. The Women’s Movement in Cuba, 1898-1958: the Stoner Collection on Cuban Feminism. Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resources Inc., [1989]. 13 reels. Also available at:
  • Yáñez, Mirta, Ed. Cubana: Contemporary Fiction by Cuban Women. Trans. Dick Cluster and Cindy Schuster. Boston: Beacon Press, 1998.
  • Yáñez, Mirta. Cubanas a capítulo. Selección de ensayos sobre mujeres cubanas y literatura. Santiago de Cuba: Editorial Oriente, 2000.