Health Attribute Literature

A Literature Review of the Value-Added Nutrients found in Grass-fed Beef Products (doc)

Arnold, R.N., N. Scheller, K.K. Arp, S.C. Williams, D.R. Beuge and D.M. Schaefer. 1992. Effect of long or short-term feeding of a-tocopheryl acetate to Holstein and crossbred beef steers on performance, carcass characteristics, and beef colour stability. Journal of Animal Science 70:3055-3065.(pdf)

Bhattacharya, A., J. Banu, M. Rahman, J. Causey, and G. Fernandes. 2006. Biological effects of linoleic acids in health and disease. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 17:789-810.(pdf)

Beef Lipids in Perspective. 2007. Beef Facts, Human Nutrition Research, funded by The Beef Checkoff.(pdf)

Blankson, H., J. Stakkstand, H. Fagertun, E. Thorn, J. Wadstein, and O. Gudmundson. 2000. Conjugated linoleic acid reduces body fat mass in overweight and obese humans. Journal of Nutrition 130:2943-2948.(pdf)

Chin, S.F., W. Liu, J.M. Storkson, Y.L. Ha, and M.W. Pariza. 1992. Dietary sources of conjugated dienoic isomers of linoleic acid, a newly recognized class of anticarcinogens. Journal of Food Composition Analysis 5:185-197.(pdf)

Clement, L., H. Poirier, I. Niot, V. Bocher, M. Guerre-Millo, B. Krief, B. Staels, and P. Besnard. 2002. Dietary trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid induces hyperinsulemia and fatty liver in the mouse. Journal of Lipid Research 43:1400-1409.(pdf)

Conjugated Linleic Acid and Dietary Beef. 2007. Beef Facts, Human Nutrition Research, funded by The Beef Checkoff.(pdf)

DeFilippis, A.P. and S.P. Laurence. 2006. Understanding omega-3’s. American Heart Journal 151:564-570.(pdf)

Descalzo, A.M., E.M. Insani, A. Biolatto, A.M. Sancho, P.T. Garcia, N.A. Pensel, and J.A. Josifovich. 2005. Influence of pasture or grain-based diets supplemented with vitaminE on antioxidant/oxidative balance of Argentine beef. Journal of Meat Science 70:35-44.(pdf)

Descalzo, A.M., L. Rossetti, G. Grigioni, M. Irurueta, A.M. Sancho, J. Carrete, and N.A. Pensel. 2007. Antioxidant status and odour profile in fresh beef from pasture or grain-fed cattle. Journal of Meat Science 75:299-307.(pdf)

Descalzo, A.M., and A.M. Sancho. A review of natural antioxidants and their effects on oxidative status, odor and quality of fresh beef produced in Argentina. Journal of Meat Science 79:423-436.(pdf)

Report of the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. 2000. Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

Dugan, M.E.R., J.L. Aalhus, L.E. Jeremiah, J.K.G. Kramer, and A.L. Schaefer. 1999. The effects of feeding conjugated linoleic acid on subsequent port quality. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 79:45-51.(pdf)

Duckett, S.K., D.G. Wagner, L.D. Yates, H.G. Dolezal, and S.G. May. 1993. Effects of time on feed on beef nutrient composition. Journal of Animal Science 71:2079-2088.(pdf)

Fautsman, C., W.K.M. Chan, D.M. Schaefer, and A. Havens. 1998. Beef color update: the role for Vitamin E. Journal of Animal Science 76:1019-1026.(pdf)

French, P., E.G. O’Riordan, P. O’Kiely, P.J. Caffrey, and A.P. Moloney. 2001. Intake and growth of steers offered different allowances of autumn grass and concentrates. Journal of Animal Science 72:129-138.(pdf)

French, P., E.G. O’Riordan, F.J. Monahan, P.F. Caffrey, and A.P. Moloney. 2003. Fatty acid composition of intra-muscular triacylglycerols of steers fed utumn grass and concentrates. Livestock Production Science. 81:307-317.(pdf)

French, P., C. Stanton, F. Lawless, E.G. O’Riordan, F.J. Monahan, P.J. Caffrey, and A.P. Moloney. 2000. Fatty acid composition, including conjugated linoleic acid of intramuscular fat from steers offered grazed grass, grass silage or concentrate-based diets. Journal of Animal Science 78:2849-2855.(pdf)

Gerster, H. 1997. Vitamin A-functions, dietary requirements and safety in humans. International Journal of Vitamin and Nutrition Research 67:71-90.(pdf)

Harbige, L.S. 1996. Nutrition and immunity with emphasis on infection and autoimmune disease. Nutritional Health 10:285-312.(pdf)

Howe, P., B. Meyer, S. Record, and K. Baghurst. 2005. Dietary intake of long-chain w-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids: contribution of meat sources. Journal of Nutrition.(pdf)

Hu, F.B., F.J. Stampfer, J.E. Manson, E. Rimm, G.A. Colditz, B.A. Rosner, C.H. Hennekens, and W.C. Willett. 1997. Dietary fat intake and the risk of coronary heart disease in women. The New England Journal of Medicine 338:917.(pdf)

Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board. Dietary Reference Intakes: Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanddium, and Zinc. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 2001. (web link)

Institute of Medicine, Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein and Amino Acids. The National Academies Press. September 2002. for the entire document.

Ip, C., J.A. Scimeca, and H.J. Thompson. 1994. Conjugated Linoleic Acid. Cancer Supp. 74(3):1050-1054.(web link)

Ip, C., M. Singh, J.H. Thompson, and J.A. Scimeca. 1994. Conjugated linoleic acid suppresses mammary carcinogenesis and proliferative activity of the mammary gland in the rat. Cancer Research 54:1212-1215.(pdf)

Jialal, I., and C.J. Fuller. 1995. Effect of vitamine E, vitamin C and beta-carotene on LDL oxidation and atherosclerosis. Canadian Journal of Cardiology 11 Suppl G:97G-103G.(pdf)

Kris-Etherton, P.M., and S. Innis. 2007. Position of the American Dietetic Association and Dietitians of Canada: Dietary Fatty Acids. Journal of American Dietary Association 107: 1599-1611.(pdf)

Kritchevsky, D., S.A. Tepper, S. Wright, P. Tso, and S.K. Czarnecki. 2000. Influence of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on establishment and progression of atherosclerosis in rabbits. Journal of American Coll of Nutri 19(4):472S-477S.(pdf)

Lean Beef and Heart Health. 2007. Beef Facts, Human Nutrition Research, funded by The Beef Checkoff.(pdf)

Leske, M.C., L.T. Jr. Chylack, Q. He, S.Y. Wu, E. Schoenfeld, J. Friend, and J. Wolfe. 1998. Antioxidant vitamins and nuclear opacities: The longitudinal study of cataract. Ophthalmology 105:831-836.(pdf)

Lonn, E.M., and S. Yusuf. 1997. Is there a role for antioxidant vitamins in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases? An update on epidemiological and clinical trials data. Canadian Journal of Cardiology 13:957-965.(pdf)

McClure, E.K., K.E. Belk, J.A. Scanga, and G.C. Smith. 2002. Determination of appropriate Vitamin E supplementation levels and administration times to ensure adequate muscle tissue alpha-tocopherol concentration in cattle destined for the Nolan Ryan tender-aged beef program. Animal Sciences Research Report. The Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University.(pdf)

Medeiros, D.M., M. Hampton, K. Kurtzer, M. Parelman, E. Al-Tamimi, and J.S. Drouillard. 2007. Feeding enriched omega-3 fatty acid beef to rats increases omega-3 fatty acid content of heart and liver membranes and decreases serum vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and cholesterol levels. Journal of Nutrition Research 27: 295-299.(pdf)

Melhus, H., K. Michaelsson, A. Kindmark, R. Bergstrom, L. Holmberg, H. Mallmin, A. Wolk, and S. Ljunghall. 1998. Excessive dietary intake of vitamin A is associated with reduced bond mineral density and increased risk of hip fracture. Ann Intern Med. 129:770-778.(pdf)

Muchenje, V., K. Dzama, M. Chimonyo, P.E. Strydom, A. Hugo, and J.G. Raats. 2009. Some biochemical aspects pertaining to beef eating quality and consumer health: A review. Journal of Food Chemistry 112:279-289.(pdf)

National Institute of Health Clinical Nutrition Center, 2002: Facts about dietary supplements: Vitamin A and Carotenoids.(web link)

Ollis, T.E., B.J. Meyer, and P.R.C. Howe. 1999. Australian Food Sources and Intakes of Omega–6 and Omega–3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 43:346-355.(pdf)

Pariza, M.W., Y. Park, and M.E. Cook. 2000. Mechanisms of action of conjugated linoleic acid: evidence and speculation. P.S.E.B.M. 223:8-13.(pdf)

Park, Y., K.J. Albright, W. Liu, J.M. Storkson, M.E. Cook, and M.E. Pariza. 1997. Effect of conjugated linoleic acid on body composition in mice. Lipids 32:853-858.(pdf)

Parodi, P.W. 1997. Cows’ milk fat components as potential anticarcinogenic agents. Journal of Nutrition 127:1055-1060.(pdf)

Ravnskov, U. 2002. A hypothesis out-of-date: The diet–heart idea. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 55:1057-1063.(pdf)

Riserus, U., P. Arner, K. Brismar, and B. Vessby. 2002. Treatment with dietary trans 10 cis 12 conjugated linoleic acid causes isomer specific insulin resistance in obese men with the metabolic syndrome. Diabetes Care 25:1516-1521.(pdf)

Roche, H.M., E. Noone, C. Sewter, S. McBennett, D. Savage, M.J. Gibney, S. O’Rahilly, and A.J. Vidal-Plug. 2002. Isomer-dependent metabolic effects of conjugated linoleic acid: insights from molecular markers sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c and LXR alpha. Diabetes 51:2037-2044. (pdf)

Ross, A.C., M.E. Shils, J. Olson, M. Shike, and A.C. Ross. Vitamin A and Retinoids. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease. 9th ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1999.(pdf)

Ruxton, C.H.S., S.C. Reed, M.J.A. Simpson, and K.J. Millington. 2004. The health benefits of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids: a review of the evidence. Journal of Human Nutr Dietet 17:449–459.(pdf)

Sehat, N., R.R. Rickert, M.M. Mossoba, J.K.G. Dramer, M.P. Yurawecz, J.A.G. Roach, R.O. Adlof, K.M. Morehouse, J. Fritsche, K.D. Eulitz, H. Steinhart, and K. Ku. 1999. Improved separation of conjugated fatty acid methyl esters by silver ion-high-performance liquid chromatography. Lipids 34:407-413.(pdf)

Semba, R.D. 1998. The role of vitamin A and related retinoids in immune function. Nutr Rev 56:S38-48.(web link)

Simonne, A.H., N.R. Green, and J.I. Bransby. 1996. Consumer acceptability and beta-carotene content of beef as related to cattle finishing diets. Journal of Food Science 61:1254-1256.(pdf)

Simopoulos, A.P. 2004. Omega-6/Omega-3 Essential Fatty Acid Ratio and Chronic Diseases. Food Reviews International 20:77-90.(pdf)

Sisk, M., D. Hausman, R. Martin, and M. Azain. 2001. Dietary conjugated linoleic acid reduces adiposity in lean but not obese Zucker rats. Journal of Nutrition 131:1668-1674.(pdf)

Smedman, A., and B. Vessby. 2001. Conjugated linoleic acid supplementation in humans – metabolic effects. Journal of Nutrition 36:773-781.(pdf)

Stephens, D., P.L. Jackson, and Y. Gutierrez. 1996. Subclinical vitamin A deficiency: A potentially unrecognized problem in the United States. Pediatric Nursing 22:377-389, 456.(pdf)

Teikari, J.M., J. Virtamo, M. Rautalahi, J. Palmgren, K. Liestro, and O.P. Heinonen. 1997. Long-term supplementation with alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene and age-related cataract. Acta Ophthalmol Scand 75:634-40.(pdf)

Tsuboyama-Kasaoka, N., M. Takahashi, K. Tanemura, H.J. Kim, T. Tange, H. Okuyama, M. Kasai, S.S. Ikemoto, and O. Ezaki. 2000. Conjugated linoleic acid supplementation reduces adipose tissue by apoptosis and develops lipodystrophy in mice. Diabetes 49:1534-1542.(pdf)

Beta-Carotene. University of Maryland Medicine, 2002:

Weitberg, A.B. and D. Corvese. 1997. Effect of vitamin E and beta-carotene on DNA strand breakage induced by tobacco-specific nitrosamines and stimulated human phagocytes. Journal of Experimental Clinical Cancer Research 16:11-14. (pdf)

Williams, C.M. 2000. Dietary fatty acids and human health. Annales Zootechnie 49:165-180.(pdf)

Wood, J.D., and M. Enser. 1997. Factors influencing fatty acids in meat and the role of antioxidants in improving meat quality. British Journal of Nutrition 78:S49-S60.(pdf)

Yang, A., M.J. Brewster, M.C. Lanari, and R.K. Tume. 2002. Effect of vitamin E supplementation on a-tocopherol and ß-carotene concentrations in tissues from pasture and grain-fed cattle. Journal of Meat Science 60(1):35-40.

Yang, A., M.C. Lanari, M. Brewster, and R.K. Tume. 2002. Lipid stability and meat colour of beef from pasture and grain-fed cattle with or without vitamin E supplement. Journal of Meat Science 60:41-50.(pdf)

Zambell, K.L., N.L. Keim, M.D. Van Loan, B. Gale, and P. Benito. 2000. conjugated linoleic acid supplementation in humans: effects on body composition and energy expenditure. Lipids 35:777-782.(pdf)