Timothy Pierce, LLD : Principal , 1889-1893
Edward T. Pierce was born in New York State in 1851 He graduated
from the New York Normal School at Albany and from the law school
at Union University. Later he was awarded the degree of Doctor
of Pedagogy. After teaching for a few years in New Jersey, he
moved to California where he was Superintendent of the Pasadena
school system from 1883 - 1889. In 1889, he was elected as first
Principal of Chico Normal School.
In his autobiography, he said "I felt then and still feel that
God can give no man or woman any higher or more exalted work than
that of training teachers...". He also felt that in the four years
he was in Chico the Normal School was a good moral and intellectual
influence on the town.
As first principal, he chose the faculty, began recruiting students,
and planned the curriculum for the normal school. As an administrator
he was firm and instilled the institution with high moral and
academic standards. He started the model training school in 1890.
Pierce was married in 1877 to Isabel Woodin who was also an educator
and taught in the schools at Pasadena and at the Chico Normal
School. In 1893, he left Chico to accept the position of president
of the Los Angeles Normal School. He remained there until 1904
when he retired. He died in Sierra Madre in 1919.
F. Pennell, AB : Principal, 1893-1897
Robert F. Pennell was born in Maine in 1850 and received his
AB degree from Harvard University. In 1889 he was in California
and was principal of the Marysville schools. From 1890 - 1893
he was principal of the Stockton Schools. In 1893, he was elected
principal of the normal school at Chico. During his term of office,
he promoted the beginning of the Normal
Record as the school newspaper and the ungraded or country
school was added to the training school.
In an introduction to the Normal Record, he wrote " We are trying
to lay our course on the broad foundation of scholarship and practical
In January 1896 the graduating class, which had arrived at the
normal school at the same time as he did, presented him with a
gold headed cane to show their respect and esteem. In 1897, a
newly appointed Board of Trustees replaced him with Carlton Ritter.
Pennell and his wife, Eleanor, had one son. Robert Pennell died
in San Francisco in 1905.
M. Ritter : President, 1897- 1899
Carleton M. Ritter was born in New York State in 1850 and graduated
from the New York State Normal School in Albany. In 1871, he became
a school principal and mathematics teacher in Stockton, California
where he remained until 1889. In that year, he was appointed to
the first faculty of the State Normal School at Chico as a mathematics
teacher. In 1897, he was elected president of the school.
His accomplishments as head of the normal school included the
addition of a kindergarten department, the introduction of child
study and philosophy of education classes, and the teaching of
methods in science and history.
Ritter was married in 1881 to Matilda C. Peterson. They had a
family of three sons.
When Ritter left Chico Normal School in 1899 he attended Stanford
University for advanced work and then returned to Stockton as
high school principal. He retired in 1906 and returned to the
family farm in New York State. He came back to California in 1920
and died in Stockton in 1926.
C. Van Liew : President, 1899- 1910
Charles Van Liew
Charles C. Van Liew was born in 1862 and was educated through
high school in Illinois. His Ph.D. degree was earned in Germany
at the University of Jena and the University of Leipzig in 1893.
In 1888 he married Ida J. Traver and they had two children. He
taught in normal schools in Illinois, was professor of psychology
and pedagogy at the California Normal School at Los Angeles, and
was superintendent of the training school. In 1899 he was elected
president of the normal school at Chico.
Dr. Van Liew took an active part in improving education in California,
serving on statewide committees. His publications
included "Normal Schools of California: and "Phonics and Reading".
In 1910 he was ousted by the Board of Trustees, at the direction
of Governor Gillett, for unprofessional conduct, although earlier
the Board had held a hearing and exonerated him.
After leaving Chico he worked with textbook companies in the
San Francisco area. He retired in 1938 and died in 1946.
Ware : President, 1910 - 1917
in Santa Rosa, California in 1880, he graduated from the University
of California at Berkeley with subjects for a legal career as well
as one in education. He passed the California Bar examination but
became a teacher at the San Francisco State Normal School. As chairman
of the section on education of the Commonwealth Club, as a lecturer
at Teachers' Institutes and Conventions, and as an author and public
speaker, he was in close contact with the problems of elementary,
high and normal schools.
leadership, the preparatory department of the Chico State Normal
school decreased, while the professional department grew. Due
to the increase in the number of high schools the preparatory
department gradually closed. Ware also was instrumental in the
establishment of the model rural training school.
1917, Ware took leave to attend the Officers Reserve Training
Camp in San Francisco. In November 1917, he was assigned to the
53rd Infantry in Nogales and he offered his resignation which
was rejected. In May 1918, his resignation was accepted.
In 1919 he
was discharged from the Army and set up a law practice in Chico.
His first wife, Maude Boyne died in 1954 and he married Pansy
Laughlin. Allison Ware was honored at Chico State Homecoming in
1956 and died in November of that year.
Isaiah Miller : Acting President, 1910 and December 1917 - July
E. I. Miller
I. Miller served at Chico Normal School as a teacher of history,
economics, and political science and as vice president. He came
to Chico in 1898 and retired in 1935.
born in Ohio in 1862 and attended Ohio Normal University. He had
AB and MA degrees from Stanford and was a principal at Palo Alto
High School. In 1907, he received a Ph.D. degree from Columbia
active in Chico community affairs and in educational interests
in Chico and the state. He was named acting president for a brief
time between Van Liew's departure and Allison Ware's arrival in
1910. He was also named acting president when Ware took a leave
of absence for military training and service in the U.S. Army
Osenbaugh : President,
Merrill Osenbaugh was appointed as president of Chico State Normal
School in August 1918. Born in Ohio in 1870, he was educated at
Northwestern Missouri State Teachers College and later earned BA
and MA degrees at Denver University. He was a principal at several
schools in Missouri, Colorado and at San Jose, California.
In 1918 Osenbaugh
was elected president of Chico State Normal School. In 1921 the
school became Chico State Teachers College and began to offer
a bachelor's degree with a four year curriculum.
began the Mount Shasta Summer School in 1919. This school was
very popular and continued to thrive until World War II when summer
school was returned to the Chico campus. Also during his years
as president he worked to build up the school, make Chico State
a leader in rural education and to improve college-community relations
He was married
to Bess Anderson and they had two children, a son and a daughter.
He died in Chico in November 1930.
Knight Studley : Acting
President, December 1930 - January 1931
Studley was born in Modoc County, California in 1877. He received
his bachelor's degree from Stanford and a master's degree from University
of California at Berkeley. He taught at Lompoc High School before
coming to Chico Normal School in 1907.
he taught physics, geography, and geology, was department head,
and was named vice president in 1918. When Osenbaugh died on December
5, 1930, Studley was named Acting President until the arrival
of Rudolph Lindquist in February 1931 He was commended by the
faculty for the able way he managed the administration of the
college in addition to his own duties.
at the Mt. Shasta summer school and was an avid golfer.
He was married
and had three children. He retired from Chico State College in
1945 and died in Chico in January 1951.
D. Lindquist : President,
February 1931 - August 1931
Rudolph D. Lindquist
Lindquist served as president of Chico State Teachers College for
five months, completing the 1930-1931 school year begun under President
Lindquist, born in Oakland, California, in 1888, began his teaching
career in 1907 in rural Minnesota schools. After two years, he
moved to Kansas to teach in private schools for two years before
returning to California to attend the University of California
in Berkeley. After receiving his degree in education in 1915,
Lindquist served as vice-principal and football coach at Elko
(Nevada) High School.
He returned to Berkeley in 1919 and served in numerous administrative
positions while earning a master's degree. He became assistant
superintendent of schools in Oakland in 1927, a position he held
until his appointment as President of Chico State Teachers College.
He moved to Chico and assumed his new position on February 1,
1931, relieving acting President Studley.
Lindquist was married and had a ten-year old daughter at the
time of his appointment. Lindquist had served two years with the
363rd Infantry, including an overseas tour.
While at Chico State Teachers College, Lindquist became nationally
recognized as an administrator, served on the California Curriculum
Board, and frequently spoke at meetings and conventions of school
administrators and teachers.
In spring 1931, Ohio State University approached Lindquist to
develop and direct an experimental school for them. He accepted
the position, which began in the fall of 1931. Lindquist directed
the Thirteenth Annual Chico State Teachers College Summer Session
at Mt. Shasta, Ca., (June 22, 1931 - July 31, 1931), and ended
his association with Chico State teachers College on August 1,
In 1943, he returned to California and served as Superintendent
of Schools in Santa Barbara until his death in 1948 following
an automobile accident.
Jay Hamilton : President,
August 1931 - June 1950
Aymer Jay Hamilton
June 27, 1931, the State Board of Education named A. J. Hamilton,
Associate Professor of Education at the Claremont Colleges (Claremont,
Ca.) to succeed R. D. Lindquist.
graduated from Clarion (Pennsylvania) State Normal and San Jose
(California) State Normal before enrolling at the University of
California at Berkeley where he received his A.B. (1923), M.A.
(1923), and his Ed. D. (1927). Dr. Hamilton taught in rural Pennsylvania
schools and worked as a school principal in Pennsylvania and California
(Petaluma and Berkeley). At the college level, he taught at the
University of California (Berkeley) before moving to the Claremont
Colleges. He also taught summer sessions at the National University
in Mexico City. In 1932, while president at Chico, he taught a
summer session at Buffalo (New York) State Teachers College.
public reception for a Chico president was held for Dr. and Mrs.
Hamilton in October 1931. In 1932, the school unveiled a growth
plan and announced that ten majors, plus the traditional program
in education, would be available in the 1932-33 school year.
presided over substantial growth and constant change in his 19
years as president. The physical plant expanded beginning with
the new library (now Trinity Hall) between 1931 and 1933. Campus
landscaping, a California Travel College Cruise, extension courses,
new registration methods, conversion of Bidwell Hall to a student
union, the establishment of the Chico State College Foundation,
and mid-year commencement exercises all began under Dr. Hamilton.
He also saw the creation of numerous pre-professional programs
(health, engineering, accounting, and others), housing for veterans,
a snack bar and cafeteria, and a new industrial arts complex.
with numerous problems including severely restricted funding during
the Depression and World War II. Major fluctuations in class size
during the war were a recurring problem. The student population
dropped from over 800 students in 1939 to 234 in 1942 before increasing
to 1156 in 1947. Military service staff, and the Mt. Shasta Summer
Session was moved to Chico to reduce expenses.
end of his tenure, ground clearing commenced for construction
of new facilities for chemistry, music, theater, and numerous
offices. He was honored with the naming of the Aymer J. Hamilton
Elementary School in December 1949. In January 1950, plans for
the first master's degree were announced.
1949, Dr. Hamilton announced his retirement as of July 31, 1950,
and ensured a smooth transition working with the new President,
Glenn Kendall, after his selection and arrival in April 1950.
George Glenn Kendall : President,
July 1950 - July 1966
George Glenn Kendall
| Dr. Glenn Kendall received a bachelor's degree (A. B.) from Western Kentucky State Teachers College (1925), a master's degree from the University of Kentucky (1931), and his Ed. D. from Columbia University (1941). Kendall was born in Unionville, Tennessee, September 11, 1901. He was married, and he and his wife Susan had three children: Glenn, Jr., Marjorie, and Fred.
Between 1925 and 1940, Kendall served as a teacher and principal in Kentucky schools before becoming Superintendent of Schools in Norris, Tennessee. From 1941 to 1945, he was Chief of Educational Services in the Immigration and Naturalization Service. In 1945, Dr. Kendall became Dean of Education and Director of Summer Session at the University of Maine. He then moved west to be Chairman of the Division of Education and Dean of Summer Session at San Francisco State College, positions he held until his appointment as Chico State College president in April 1950.
Kendall's sixteen-year administration covered tremendous growth from 1540 students to nearly 6000 and faculty increases from 78 to 305. Kendall re-organized the school administration several times to cope with the growth, first in 1950, and last in 1963. He faced fluctuating enrollment as the student body dropped during the Korean War, and then rapidly increased beginning in 1954 when new enrollment records were set, an annual event thereafter. Programs in agriculture, engineering, anthropology, social welfare, and nursing were developed during his presidency. The master's programs were developed and expanded. Despite constant budget restrictions and delays, the physical plant increased by more than a dozen buildings during this time.
Dr. Kendall faced numerous campus issues during his tenure, culminating in the 1960s with faculty issues (including the newly formed State Faculty Senate), free speech issues, the beginnings of the Vietnam War protests, and civil rights activism.
Kendall, active in local civic organizations, was also active professionally and served as President of the Association of State Colleges and Universities during the 1964-65 academic year. He retired in 1966.
On September 16, 2001, Kendall celebrated his 100th birthday
at a party hosted by the University and the community. He was
presented with a California legislative resolution honoring his
service. He died March 5, 2003 in Chico.
Eugene Hill : President,
August 1966 - August 1970
Robert Eugene Hill
Dr. Hill's appointment as the 12th president of Chico State College
was announced April 21, 1966.
Hill, born in Kincaid, Illinois, on December 9, 1925, married
Mary Williams in 1950 and they had one son, David. Dr. Hill served
with the United States Army in Korea, graduated from Illinois
Wesleyan with a bachelor's degree in economics (1950), and earned
an MBA in Finance at Indiana University in 1955. In 1957, Hill
received his PhD in finance from the University of Alabama.
Dr. Hill served as assistant professor of finance at the University
of Illinois (1957-58), and then as Chairman of first year programs
at the Illinois Graduate School of Business (1959-60). He moved
to Kent State University as associate professor of economics-finance
(1960-64), and then professor of economics-finance and Dean of
the College of Business Administration (1964-65). He was professor
of economics and Dean of the School of Business at Southern Illinois
University at the time of his appointment to Chico State College.
Hill participated in numerous professional organizations, received
many academic awards, published frequently, presented papers regularly,
and obtained constant research grants. Dr. Hill also taught economics
while president at Chico State College.
Hill presided over four turbulent years at Chico. Hill managed
student tuition protests, faculty and student uproar over the
Vietnam War, and presided over the opening of the Engineering
Building, Taylor Hall, Whitney Hall
and the Bell Memorial Union.
Hill announced his resignation as president on July 18, 1970.
He resigned to take a position with W. Clement Stone, a Chicago
philanthropist and Chairman of the Board of Combined Insurance
Companies of America.
Lew Dwight Oliver : President,
September 1970 - June 1971
Lew Dwight Oliver
Oliver became acting president of Chico State College following
the resignation of Dr. Hill, but immediately announced that his
acceptance was for an interim period, as he did not wish to become
the permanent president of Chico State College.
July 9, 1911, in Barnesville, Minnesota, received his BA at the
Ecole Libre de Science Politiques (France), majoring in Political
Science. A master's degree from the University of Arizona followed
in 1934, and he earned his Ph.D. in 1940 from the University of
California, Berkeley. Dr. Oliver arrived in Chico in 1943 after
teaching at the University of Arizona (1934-36), the University
of California, Berkeley (1936-38), and Modesto Junior College
State College, Dr. Oliver taught history, served as chairman of
the Social Sciences Division twice, and as History Department
head. Oliver received an Outstanding Teacher Award for 1969-70.
He also served as chairman of the Faculty Senate committees on
Education Policies and Bargaining, and as President of the Faculty
Senate. In 1969, Oliver became Vice-president for Academic Affairs,
a position he held until his appointment as Acting President.
appointment, Oliver called for a year of "rest" after the previous
four years of heightened activity. Oliver, however, faced constant
pressure over faculty promotion, retention, and tenure issues
as well as grievance procedures. Severe state budget cuts restricted
faculty pay and positions. Student demonstrations and arrests
as well as increasing housing shortages occupied also him. Oliver
supported student involvement in campus administration, innovative
teaching methods, and worked to balance financial resources and
campus needs. Campus enrollment passed the 10,000-student level
despite funding cuts for faculty positions. Oliver retired in
active in the community, serving eleven years on the Butte County
Planning Commission, and also served on the Hospital Board. He
was a member, and past president, of the California County Planning
Commissioners as well as a member of the Merit System Board of
the California Department of Social Welfare.
and his wife Marcella planned to travel extensively after his
retirement, but he was slowed by health problems in 1972 and died
in the San Francisco Presbyterian Hospital following a massive
heart attack in May 1977.
Cazier : President,
July 1971 – August 1979
Stanford Cazier, Vice-Provost of Utah State University, became the
new president of Chico State College in July 1971.
born on June 11, 1930, in Nephi, Utah, obtained his BA (1952)
and MA (1956) degrees from the University of Utah, He subsequently
earned a PhD in history at the University of Wisconsin in 1964.
Cazier served as an Ensign in the U. S. Navy during 1952-53.
He and his wife Shirley had three sons.
administration was marked by student involvement, faculty growth
and unionization, campus expansion, and continual budget problems.
Chico State College changed to California State University, Chico,
on June 1, 1972. Plumas, Butte,
Holt, and Sutter halls were completed
in Dr. Cazier’s first two years. The Student Health Center was
finished, the gym renamed Acker Gym, and the auditorium and administration
buildings were remodeled under Dr. Cazier’s supervision.
protesting the arming of campus security personnel occupied the
administration building in late 1975 and early 1976. Cazier also
dealt with major community/campus issues such as the proposed
re-routing of Warner Street and a planned multi-level garage on
April 1979, Dr. Cazier left CSUC to assume the presidency of Utah
State University where he served until his retirement in 1992.
The Science and Technology Library at Utah State University was
named in his honor in 1998.
the numerous emotional issues he faced in his eight years in Chico,
he received generous praise from student leaders, faculty, staff,
and system-wide officials for his accessibility, leadership, and
support of all segments of the academic community.
L. Fredenburg : Acting
President, August 1979 – August 1980
Fredenburg served as Acting President of California State University,
Chico, from August 1979, following the departure of Dr. Cazier,
until the arrival of Dr. Robin Wilson in August 1980.
was born in Antwerp, New York, on November 28, 1921. He earned
a BA (1956), MA (1959), and a PhD (1965) from Syracuse University.
His field was science education.
Following service with the U.S. Army in Europe (1942-46), Fredenburg
operated a family hardware business in upstate New York, attended
college part-time, and began his teaching career. In 1959, he
arrived at Chico as a faculty member of the Physical Sciences
Department. Fredenburg served as Department Chair, as Chairman
of the Faculty Council, and participated in numerous department,
college, and university committee projects. Dr. Fredenburg also
served as a consultant to numerous Northern California school
1969, Dr. Fredenburg moved into administration and served as Director
of International Programs, Dean of Undergraduate Education, and
filled several positions in Academic Affairs before being named
Vice-President for Academic Affairs in 1977.
Dr. Fredenburg’s year, the state budget crisis continued to complicate
University affairs. A great deal of Dr. Fredenburg’s time was
dedicated to supervising the planning for potential budget cuts.
Campus protests over draft registration and the Iranian hostage
situation disrupted campus, but drew support from Dr. Fredenburg
as legitimate free speech activities.
Dr. Wilson’s arrival in August 1980, Dr. Fredenburg returned to
his duties as Vice-president for Academic Affairs.
Fredenburg and his wife Marjorie had five children. He remained
in Chico until his death April 8, 2000.
Wilson : President, August 1980 – July 1993
Robin Wilson was named President of California State University,
Chico, in March 1980 and assumed office in August, replacing Acting
President Robert Fredenburg.
born in Columbus, Ohio, September 19, 1928. He received his BA
(1949) at Ohio State University and then served with the Merchant
Marine for a year. Returning to school, Wilson earned his MA in
1951 at the University of Illinois. He began his PhD program,
but a stint in the United States Navy interrupted his academic
career. Wilson served as a cryptographic watch officer in England
and then entered operational intelligence (anti-submarine warfare)
and ended his military career at Norfolk, Virginia. Wilson returned
to the University of Illinois and completed his PhD in English
worked for the Central Intelligence Agency until the mid-1960s
when he returned to the academic world. Wilson taught English
and organized writer workshops at Clarion State College (PA),
Tulane (LA), and Michigan State University. He published several
science fiction novels and served as a consulting editor for the
Journal of Higher Education. He continued to write and publish
throughout his academic career.
time at California State University, Chico, Dr. Wilson faced continual
budget problems caused by California’s faltering economy during
the 1980s. Sizeable budget cuts, merit pay procedures, and over-enrollment
issues recurred throughout his tenure.
Dr. Wilson promoted academic excellence, stressed technological
improvements, increased grant funding, and improved financial
management practices, his administration had numerous controversial
moments. Wilson cancelled the 1987 Pioneer Days after riots broke
out, and, following a Faculty Senate resolution in 1991, asked
the ROTC program to leave campus by 1994. Wrestling and swimming
were dropped as funded athletic programs in the late 1980s.
Dr. Wilson approved the change from “schools” to “colleges” at
California State University, Chico. The student union expansion
began, Nettleton Stadium was upgraded, and the Housing office
extension was completed under Dr. Wilson. The O’Connell
Technology Center opened in the fall of 1992, and Tehema
Hall was also completed during Wilson’s time on campus. The
TRACS registration system began in January 1993 as well.
his retirement in July1993, Dr. Wilson moved to Monterey Bay State
University as a “trustee professor.” Robin and Patricia Wilson
have three daughters and one son.