School of Nursing - CSU, Chico
The philosophy for the CSU, Chico School of Nursing identifies the underlying beliefs and values regarding how this mission can be met, describing beliefs about the components of nursing's meta-paradigm: persons, health, nursing, environment, and nursing education.
Person includes the assumption that persons are unique, dynamic, complex, and they are interconnected with others and the environment. As products of their culture, persons are at the center of their own experiences and create meaning for themselves.
Health consists of evolving life experiences of a person that implies continuous adjustment to stressors in the internal and external environments through optimum use of one's resources to move toward achievement of maximum potential for daily living. (Adapted from King, Imogene. 1981. A theory for nursing systems: Concepts and processes. New York: John Wiley and Sons).
Nursing is a caring, dynamic health care discipline strongly committed to nurse-client relationships. Nursing is goal directed to support and empower clients to achieve desired health and wellness outcomes. Professional nurses assist individuals, families, and community groups to promote, restore, and rehabilitate their health and well-being throughout the life span.
As an art and applied science, nursing promotes a holistic view of persons and requires a substantial knowledge base in the sciences and humanities. Nursing requires critical and creative thinking for independent and collaborative decision-making and clinical skills.
Nurses establish a caring presence, which can deeply impact the well-being of the client. This caring presence is enacted through advocacy, nursing therapeutics, and leadership/management roles.
Professional nurses are accountable for nursing practice as set forth by evolving legal, ethical, and professional standards. The profession expands and refines nursing knowledge through practice, research, and theory development.
Florence Nightingale viewed environment as central to the practice of professional nursing. Viewed broadly, environment includes all contextual/cultural aspects in which persons and communities live. The faculty believe that environment is a complex integration of physical, political, social, and cultural factors. Because health care is strongly influenced by environmental forces, nurses must be cognizant of the ever changing environments in which health care is delivered. Faculty believe health care should be accessible to all. Nurses must actively participate as advocates for health care access and for the establishment and enforcement of quality environmental standards and conditions.
The faculty believes that baccalaureate and graduate nursing education is learning centered and is a collaborative exchange between teacher and student and among students that results in a change in knowledge, values, and attitudes. The teaching-learning process promotes information literacy competency and facilitates the development of critical thinking, communication skills, leadership qualities, and the commitment to lifelong personal and professional growth.
Learning is a continuous process that includes the affective, cognitive, and psychomotor domains. The learner has a personal responsibility requiring effort and accountability. Teaching is a complex process characterized by planning, implementing, and evaluating. Faculty endeavor to provide a supportive environment that considers individual student goals, uniqueness, culture/ethnicity, learning style, and learning pace.
Because nursing is an applied discipline, teaching also takes place in a variety of settings that represent the diversity of professional nursing roles. Each of the clinical settings used in the teaching-learning process provides the faculty with the opportunity to incorporate the constant changes that are occurring within science, health care, and technology into the current clinical experiences of students. Important also to the educational process is collaboration within the profession and the exchange between nursing education and nursing service, which allows students to interact with practicing professionals.