EDTE 229B: Arts Methods
Grade Level: 2-4
Time: 40 min.
Lesson Subject: Music
Rhythm and Rhyme
Topic: A music/singing lesson that includes a group performance using rhyme, rhythm and beat.
Rationale: Music/singing offers self-discovery, knowledge of beat, rhyme and rhythm and auditory and kinesthetic value to children. Music/singing can be used to educate students about their own culture as well as other cultures. Music/singing invites and encourages students to be creative while they learn important concepts.
Artistic Perception: Students will be able to compare the given rhyme to another rhyme that they already know (I Know An Old Lady Who Swallowed A Fly).
Creative Expression: Students will be able to listen and identify the similar rhyme pattern of the two rhymes and apply those concepts to a group creation of the new rhyme.
Historical and Cultural Context: Students will be able to discover that the given rhyme comes from India by learning a little background information on India before the lesson.
Aesthetic Valuing: Students will share their new rhyme with the class, taking turns in groups of 4 or 5.
Strategy: A combination of direct instruction, guided discovery, taking turns in groups of 4 or 5.
beat: to mark time or rhythm by tapping
rhythm: movement to a beat
rhyme: words or lines that have the same last sound
Introduction: Why is music/singing important to you? What do you like about music? What kind of music do you like? Today we are going to learn about rhyme patterns by listening to two examples. I will read you a rhyme that you already know, then we will listen to a tale and then learn a rhyme that is a shorter version of the tale. Finally, you will make up your own rhyme in groups! Let's review the vocabulary words first.
1. The teacher will read I Know an Old Lady Who Swallowed A Fly to demonstrate rhyme.
2. The teacher will introduce the tale, A Drum and tell the class that it comes from India.
3. The teacher will read the tale A Drum.
4. The teacher will teach the class the rhyme version of the tale A Drum.
5. The students will read the rhyme to the beat of I Know an Old Lady Who Swallowed A Fly.
6. The students will get into groups of 4 or 5 and make up their own rhyme to the beat of I Know an Old Lady Who Swallowed a Fly.
7. The students will practice their new rhyme for approximately ten minutes before the group presentations will begin.
Closure: Each group will perform their rhyme for the class. Does anyone have any questions about rhyme? Did you enjoy this activity? Who can tell me what rhyme means? Rhythm? Beat? Good job on the creative rhymes! I enjoyed them very much!
Clean up: Please move your desks back and put your pencils and paper back in your desks.
Evaluation: The students will be evaluated by their comments about rhyme patterns and if they seem to enjoy the lesson or not. I will look for a correct presentation of rhyme pattern in the group performance of the new rhyme. I will also evaluate their understanding of the concept of rhyme by orally asking what the definition of the vocabulary presented at the beginning of the lesson are (beat, rhyme, rhythm). Lastly, I will ask the class where the rhyme "A Drum" comes from and have a student point to it on a world map. Then I will ask what kind of tale "A Drum" is (rhyme).
Materials: A classroom, paper and pencils, a copy of I Know an Old Lady Who Swallowed a Fly, musical instruments if desired
Reference: Milord, Susan. Tales Alive! Williamson Publishing, 1995, Vermont. p. 37-42