Dr. Charles F. Urbanowicz/Professor of Anthropology
SPRING 2000 WEB SYLLABUS
Proseminar in the History of Theory and Method in Anthropology [TRACS #10187]
Office Hours: Tue & Thu} 8->9:00am & 12:30pm->2pm
ANTH 296: Tue & Thu} 3:30->4:45pm in BUTTE 319
Office Phone: (530) 898-6220 / Dept: (530) 898-6192
© Charles F. Urbanowicz/January 12, 2000} This copyrighted Web Syllabus, printed from http://www.csuchico.edu/~curban/syllabi/SYL_296-SP2000.html, is intended for use by students enrolled at California State University, Chico, in the Spring Semester of 2000 and unauthorized use/publication is strictly prohibited; for a MOST IMPORTANT BRIEF DISCLAIMER ESSAY about these ANTH 296 / 296H web pages, please click here.
DESCRIPTION of ANTH 296: Investigation of the history of the development of theory and method in anthropological thought and practice from the nineteenth century to the present. Seminar format. (The 1999-2001 University Catalog, page 195.)
DESCRIPTION of ANTH 296H: This investigation of method and theory into anthropological thought of the last century is directed to individual research interests and problem development for the honors thesis. Seminar format.
ANTH 296 / ANTH 296H is the designated WP (Writing Proficiency) class for the Anthropology Major and the Department of Anthropology graduation literacy certification requires that you pass this course at the "C-" level. A "Criteria of Writing Proficiency" appears in this syllabus after the weekly assignments. The "World Wide Web" and the implications of this technology for Anthropology (and anthropologists!) will also be discussed throughout the semester. Please see below for some appropriate URLs that might be of value to you for this course, as well as others courses.
TWO REQUIRED TEXTS (AVAILABLE IN THE BOOKSTORE):
P. Bohannan & M. Glazer, Editors (1988) High Points in Anthropology
L.L. Langness (1987) The Study of Culture: Revised Edition.
EIGHT TOTALLY OPTIONAL TEXTS (AVAILABLE
IN THE BOOKSTORE):
Ute Gacs et al., (1989) Women Anthropologists: Selected Biographies.
J. Goodall (1999) Reason For Hope: A Spiritual Journey (NY: Warner Books).
R. J. McGee & R.L. Warms (2000) Anthropological Theory: An Introductory History (2nd Edition).
Jerry D. Moore (1997) Visions of Culture: An Introduction to Anthropological Theories and Theorists.
Douglas J. Preston (1986) Dinosaurs In The Attic.
George W. Stocking (1991) Victorian Anthropology.
Bruce Trigger (1989) A History of Archaeological Thought.
Eric Trinkhaus & Pat Shipman (1993) The Neanderthals: Changing The Image Of Mankind.
THIRTY-SIX ITEMS ON TWO-HOUR RESERVE
FOR VARIOUS READING SELECTIONS:
D. Bidney (1953) Theoretical Anthropology [GN/24/B492/1967]
D.J. Boorstin (1983) The Discoverers [CB/69/B66/1983]
J. Clifford & G. Marcus (1986) Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography [GN/307.7/W75/1986]
E. Daniel & J. Peck (1996) Culture/Contexture: Explorations in Anthropology and Literary Studies [GN/307.7/C85/1996]
R. Darnell (1974) Readings in the History of Anthropology [GN/17/D35]
A. de Malefijt (1974) Images of Man [GN/17/D44/1974]
M. di Leonardo (1991) Gender At The Crossroads of Knowledge: Feminist Anthropology in the Postmodern Era [GN/33/G46/1991]
P. A. Erickson [with L. Murphy] (1998) A History of Anthropological Theory [GN/33/E74/1998]
R. Fox (1994) The Challenge of Anthropology: Old Encounters and New Excursions [GN/29/F69/1994]
R. Fox (1997) Conjectures & Confrontations: Science, Evolution, Social Concern [GN/468/F69]
U. Gacs et al. [Editors] (1988) Women Anthropologists: Selected Biographies [GN/20/W63/1988]
C. Geertz (1988) Works And Lives: The Anthropologist As Author [GN/307.7/G44/1988]
C. Geertz 1995) After The Fact: Two Countries, Four Decades, One Anthropologist [GN/21/G44/A3]
P. Golde (1986) Women in the Field: Anthropological Experiences [GN/20/G6/1986]
D. Hakken (1999), Cyborgs@Cyberspace? An Ethnographer Looks to the Future [QA/76.9/C66/H34/1999]
M. Harris (1968) The Rise of Anthropological Theory [GN/17/H3]
M. Harris (1999) Theories of Culture in Postmodern Times [GN/357/H39/1999]
Hayes & Hayes (1970) Claude Lévi-Strauss: The Anthropologist as Hero [GN/21/L4/H3]
H. R. Hays (1958) From Ape to Angel [GN/405/H34]
J. Helm (1966) Pioneers of American Anthropology
C. Herbert (1991), Culture And Anomie: Ethnographic Imagination In The Nineteenth Century [GN/357/H47/1991]
C. Hinsley (1981) Savages and Scientists: The Smithsonian.... [GN/17.3/U6/H56]
A. Kardiner & E. Preble (1961) They Studied Man [GN/405/K3]
A.L. Kroeber & C. Kluckhohn (1952) Culture: A Critical Review [GN/27/K7]
A. Kuper (1973) Anthropology and Anthropologists [GN/17/K26]
G. Marcus & M. Fischer (1986) Anthropology As Cultural Critique: An Experimental Moment In The Human Sciences, 2nd Edition [GN/345/M37/1999]
G. Marcus (1998) Ethnography Through Thick And Thin [GN/345/M373/1998]
M. Mead & R. Bunzel (1960) The Golden Age of American Anthropology [E/77/M48]
A. Montagu (1974) Frontiers of Anthropology [GN/17/M/59/1974]
Naroll & Naroll (1973) Main Currents in Cultural Anthropology [GN/17/N37/1973]
T.K. Penniman (1936) A Hundred Years of Anthropology [GN/17/P4]
H. Powdermaker (1966) Stranger and Friend [HM/73/P67]
S. Silverman (1981) Totems and Teachers: Perspectives on the History.....[GN/17/T69]
J.S. Slotkin (1965) Readings in Early Anthropology [GN/17/S46]
G.W. Stocking (1995) After Tylor: British Social Anthropology 1888-1951 [GN/308.3/G7/S74/1995]
F.W. Voget (1975) A History of Ethnology [GN/17/V63]
THREE RECOMMENDED ITEMS INCLUDE:
Any English Language Dictionary.
William A. Strunk, Jr. (2000) The Elements of Style (4th edition).
The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2000.
EVALUATION AND IMPORTANT DATES:
WRITING ASSIGNMENT #1
DUE On 22 Feb 2000 or 24 Feb 2000 (5%).
On 7 March 2000 (25%).
20 [Mon] March 2000 --> 24 [Fri] March 2000.
WRITING ASSIGNMENT #2
DUE On 28 March 2000 (10%).
On 20 April 2000 (25%).
WRITING ASSIGNMENT #3
DUE On Thursday 18 MAY 2000 (25%).
PARTICIPATION / PAPER PRESENTATION
25 January 2000->18 May 2000 (10%).
Reading assignment(s) should be completed by the day they are assigned since they will form the basis of discussion that day/week. There will be some lectures (and videos), but hopefully there will be more discussion than either lectures or videos! DURING WEEK 5, 1/2 the class will meet on 2/22/2000 and 1/2 the class will meet on 2/24/2000. This is done to create small discussion groups. PLEASE REMEMBER that WRITING ASSIGNMENT #1 (a critique) is DUE on the day you are assigned to attend class that week: we will discuss all readings to date (and your critique) on 2/22/2000 or 2/24/2000. Your preliminary term paper topic (your WRITING ASSIGNMENT #2) is DUE on 3/28/2000 (beginning of Week 10). Based on your topic, specific days will be assigned for approximately 1/2 class-size discussions for Week 12 when 1/2 the class will meet on 4/11/2000 and 1/2 the class will meet on 4/13/2000 and WRITING ASSIGNMENT #2 and your TERM PAPER TOPICS will be discussed. On 4/18/2000 the Term Paper PRESENTATION ORDER will be distributed for presentations beginning on TUESDAY 4/25/2000. Remember, in-class participation, including term paper presentation, contributes 10% towards your final grade. ALSO NOTE: if the above dates have to be changed for any reason you will be notified well-in-advance: no sneaky surprises are planned!
PLEASE CONSIDER the implications of the following: "One who makes a close study of almost any branch of science soon discovers the great illusion of the monolith. When he [or she] stood outside as an uninformed layman, he [or she] got a vague impression of unanimity among the professionals. He [or she] tended to think of science as supporting the Establishment with fixed and approved views. All this dissolves as he [or she] works his [or her] way into the living concerns of practicing scientists. He [and she] finds lively personalities who indulge in disagreement, disorder, and disrespect. He [and she] must sort out conflicting opinions and make up his [and her] own mind as to what is correct and who is sound. This applies not only to provinces as vast as biology and to large fields such as evolutionary theory, but even to small and familiar corners such as the species problem. The closer one looks, the more diversity one finds [stress added]." [Norman Macbeth, Darwin Retried, 1971: 18]
ALSO, PLEASE THINK ABOUT the following from Margaret Mead [1901-1978]: "Anthropologists are highly individual and specialized people. Each of them [or us!] is marked by the kind of work he or she prefers and has done, which in time becomes an aspect of that individual's personality." ALSO CONSIDER the following statement made by the father of Ward Goodenough when the young Goodenough was considering his career: "Anthropology is a subject such that you can be interested in almost anything and its alright" (Anthropology Newsletter, October 1992, page 4); and, finally, consider these words of Clifford Geertz: "...and that this was the kind of freedom we could have in anthropology--to do anything and call it anthropology (which you still can do!)" (C. Geertz, An Interview with Clifford Geertz. Current Anthropology, Vol. 32, No. 5, 1991, page 603).
AND ALL ANTHROPOLOGY MAJORS SHOULD KNOW ABOUT the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences (1968) [REF/H40/A2I/5] AND the Annual Review of Anthropology [GN/1/B52] as well as Archaeological Method And Theory (edited by Schiefer) [CC/A242/Vol 1, 1989->], AND the Encyclopedia of Cultural Anthropology (Edited by D. Levinson and M. Ember) [ref/GN/307/E52/1996]), AS WELL AS the various miscellaneous publications and journals available in Butte 305 (Ethnographic Laboratory). (Incidentally, you might find information on the Annual Review of Anthropology at this URL: http://www.jstor.org/journals/00846570.html.) AND DON'T FORGET about :
"The eHRAF Collection of Ethnography, available on the web, is a small but growing collection of HRAF full text and graphical materials supplemented, in some cases, with additional research through approximately the 1980's. The eHRAF Collection of Ethnography includes approximately 48 cultures, and regular additions are planned." (And See http://www.hti.umich.edu/e/ehraf/ ).
ALSO, ALSO, PLEASE THINK ABOUT / READ THE 49 "THOUGHTS" AT THE END OF THIS SYLLABUS: THEY WILL PLAY A PART IN DISCUSSIONS THROUGHOUT THE SEMESTER; ALSO: PLEASE READ THE QUOTATION STATEMENTS ASSOCIATED WITH EACH WEEK} THEY WILL ALSO PLAY A PART IN DISCUSSIONS THROUGHOUT THE SEMESTER!
SEVEN GOALS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY AT CSU, CHICO
1. An understanding of the phenomenon of culture as that which differentiates human life from other life forms; an understanding of the roles of human biology and cultural processes in human behavior and human evolution.
2. A positive appreciation of the diversity of contemporary and past human cultures and an awareness of the value of anthropological perspectives and knowledge in contemporary society.
3. A knowledge of the substantive data pertinent to the several sub disciplines of anthropology and familiarity with major issues relevant to each.
4. Familiarity with the forms of anthropological literature and basic data sources and knowledge of how to access such information.
5. Knowledge of the methodology appropriate to the sub-disciplines of anthropology and the capacity to apply appropriate methods when conducting anthropological research.
6. The ability to present and communicate in anthropologically appropriate ways anthropological knowledge and the results of anthropological research.
7. Knowledge of the history of anthropological thought.
PLEASE REMEMBER: INTERNATIONAL FORUM (SOSC 100-01}#13914) for One Unit every TUE from 4->5:20p.m. in Ayres Hall 120; since our ANTH 296 / ANTH 296H meets at the same time as the ANTHROPOLOGY FORUM (ANTH 297-01}#10188) for One Unit every THU from 4->5:20p.m. in Ayres Hall 120, none-of-us will probably make any Anthro Forums, unless something germane to ANTH 296 / ANTH 296H gets scheduled on some appropriate Thursday @ 4pm!
SPECIFIC READING ASSIGNMENTS AND TOPICS FOR THE DAYS OF:
WEEK 1. 1/25/2000 + 1/27/2000} Introduction & Overview to
The profession: 1967-2000+. Please glance at both required texts and some of the RESERVE items by Tuesday February 1, 2000.
"...I do believe something very magical can happen when you read a good book" [stress added]." (Joanne K. Rowling, 1999, Harry Potter Author Reveals The Secret.... In USA Weekend, November 12-14, 1999, page 4.)
"I used to imagine I could hold it all in my head, but memory has a way of pruning and deleting, eliminating anything that doesn't seem relevant at the moment. Later, it's the odd unrelated detail that sometimes makes the puzzle parts rearrange themselves like magic. The very act of taking pen to paper somehow gooses the brain into making the leap. It doesn't always happen in the moment, but without the concrete notation, the data disappear [stress added]." Sue Grafton, 1999, "O" is For Outlaw (NY: Henry Holt), page 106.
"....descriptions vary with the conceptual or theoretical framework within which they are couched. To evaluate a description properly one must know something about the theoretical framework that brought it into being." D. Kaplan and R. Manners, Culture Theory, 1972: 22.
"The barbarous heathen are nothing more strange to us than we are to them.... Human reason is a tincture in like weight and measure infused into all our opinions and customs, what form soever they be, infinite in matter, infinite in diversity." Michel Eyquem de Montaigne [1533-1592], Essays, page 53 [1959 paperback publication of a translation from 1603].
"Anthropology is the product of three great historical movements: the Age of Exploration, the Enlightenment, and Evolutionism." Philip K. Bock, 1990, Rethinking Psychological Anthropology: Continuity and Change in the Study of Human Action, page 5.
For the 1998-1999 Academic Year, 349 females [57%] received the Ph.D. in Anthropology and 267 males [43%] received the Ph.D. in Anthropology, for a total of 616 Ph.D. degrees in 1998-1999. Source: The 1999-2000 American Anthropological Association Guide, page 553.
PS: On November 3, 1999, it was reported that "U.S. Universities are awarding record numbers of Ph.D. degrees, largely due to a staggering increase in the number of women seeking graduate education.... Women earned 17,322 doctoral degrees in the 1996-97 academic year, 40.6 percent of those awarded. That is an increase of 20 percent from five years before and of 52 percent from a decade before--and a seven-fold increase since 1967.... [stress added]." Tanya Schevitz, 1999, 40% of Doctoral Degrees in U.S. Went to Women in '96-97. San Francisco Chronicle, November 3, 1999, page A9.
Interesting (And Somewhat Appropriate) Web Sites Are:
[1992 Urbanowicz History of Anthropology paper]
http://www.csuchico.edu/~curban/NatureCulture1970.html [1970 Urbanowicz on various "Ancestors"]
http://www.tamu.edu/anthropology/news.html [Anthropology in The News]
http://www.oakland.edu/~dow/anthap.htm [The ANTHAP - Applied Anthro