updated: July 25, 2003

English 222: Pedagogical Grammr Graham Thurgood
MWF 12:00-12:50 TALR 210 Office: SSKU 129
Office phone: 898-5450 Office hours: MWF 11-12 & MW 1-2
email: gthurgood@csuchico.edu      & by arrangement

Course Description pdf

ENGL 222.  Pedagogical Grammar.  3.0 Fall.
Prerequisites: ENGL 121 (or equivalent) or permission of instructor. This is a course in English grammar emphasizing both the grammatical content needed to teach non-native speakers and various integrated approaches to teaching grammar. In addition, there will be discussion of interlanguage grammar including practice analyzing various developmental sequences as well as sections dealing with linguistic problems common to both native and non-native speakers of English.

Students will develop a basic understanding of English grammar with an emphasis on the grammar needed for teaching English to non-native speakers of English. Students will become sufficiently familiar with English grammar to enable them to understand and critically evaluate the grammar found in texts and materials used to teach English to non-native speakers of English. Students will develop the analytical skills necessary to investigate problems areas in the English of non-native speakers, particularly the developmental sequences found in their interlanguage.


Course requirements:

  1. Tests and quizzes. Initially for this class, I would like to try to have a ten-minute quiz about once a week. Given the class size, this should be quite workable and save us all the trauma of full period tests. Should that not seem to be working out, I will shift to the older system I have used before: Four tests (100 points each) and a final (100 points) will be given. These examinations will be include short answers, possibly multiple choice, problem solving, and some short essays. The material will cover not only the class discussions but also the reading and homework assignments.
  2. Transcription. There will be a 25 point quiz on transcription.
  3. Grading. There are 425 points possible. A = 382; B = 340; C = 297; D = 255. There is no make-up work and no extra credit.
  4. Homework. Regular homework will be given. These assignments will constitute the basis for much of the class discussion. If it becomes apparent that the homework has not been done, I will collect it; should this happen, homework not done well (or at all) will result in the loss of 5 points from the total grade.
  5. Attendance. The first two absences are excused. Each subsequent absence will result in the loss of five points.
  6. Email. During the course of the semester various pieces of information will be distributed via email. Those wishing to receive this information will, of course, have to send me their email address; those who do not do so will, I presume, get the relevant information from someone else.


Late tests: There are no late tests or quizzes. If, for some reason, a problem comes up, talk to me before you miss a test.
Cheating: Students caught cheating will be given a failing grade for the semester.
Disabilities: Any student in this class who has a disability of any kind that might prevent the fullest expression of his or her abilities should contact me the first week of class so that we can discuss class requirements.
Religious holidays: Any student who foresees conflicts with assignments in the course because of religious holidays should discuss it with me the first week of class.

Syllabus pdf


CHAPTER 1 The parts of speech: the basic labels 1 pdf

Defining the parts of speech. 1
Nouns and noun-related parts of speech: 2
Nouns 2
Pronouns 3
Adjectives 3
Prepositions 3
Verbs and verb-related parts of speech 4
Verbs 4
Adverbs 4
Other parts of speech 5
Conjunctions 5
Interjections 5
Phrasal "parts of speech" 7
Phrases 7
Clauses 9
Independent and dependent clauses 9
Terms 11

CHAPTER 2 The parts of speech: the basic functions 14 pdf

Transitive, intransitive, and “copular” verbs 14
Direct objects and subject complements. 17
Indirect objects and object complements 23
Terms 28


4a Spelling /k/
4b Spelling /ks/

CHAPTER 3 The English word formation system 33 pdf

Identifying morphemes. 33
Classifying morphemes: roots, affixes, and so on 37
Inflectional versus derivational. 38
Collocations 48
Terms 50

5 Spelling i and y

CHAPTER 4 Verb forms, constructions, and labels 56 pdf

The basic verb forms 56
The principal parts of the verb 57
Labelling tense-aspect constructions 59
Labelling tense-aspect constructions: the “formula” 60
Tense-aspect labels: some examples 61
Finite verbs, infinitives, and non-finite verb forms 68
Terms 70
Some Teaching Notes 72
Total Physical Response 72
“Washing Your Hands” 72

Exercises (on the net)

CHAPTER 5 The tenses: A general overview 80 pdf

Temporal setting, tense, and aspect. 80
The past time axis and the past tenses 83
The present time axis and the present tenses 88
Terms 92

CHAPTER 6 A text 94 pdf

CHAPTER 7 The individual tenses in detail pdf

The present tenses
Some sample materials
Teaching the present perfect
The past tenses (review)
The "future" tenses
Examples and Exercises
Showing overlap or a flashback to something earlier?
Present perfect
“Future” or present?
Teaching notes:

CHAPTER 8 The passive pdf

Passive voice
The use of the passive
1. “The mugger”
2. "Processing Milk" (Ronald White)
3. "How fish is canned" (also from Ronald White)
4. "Hit your neighbor"
The ‘meaning’ of the passive
Teaching implications

CHAPTER 9 The modals and the conditionals pdf

The modals and tense
Some tense-aspect labelling exercises.
The meanings of modals
The conditionals and how to teach them
Materials: “Will it fall, or won't it?”

CHAPTER 10 Other verb usage patterns pdf

I. Indirect address
II. The future tense and subordinate adverbial clauses
III. Progressive, past, and perfect participles
IV. Determination by other elements of the sentence
After a preposition
After certain adjectives
After certain verbs
Exercise 9.4: Governed verb forms
Exercise 9.5: A summary of tenses, modals, and other verb forms

Absolutes pdf

CHAPTER 11 Adverbs (and adverbials) pdf

Adverb types
I. Adjuncts
Adverbs showing time, place, manner, and so on
Intensifiers (expressing degree)
Too...to… versus very: a digression
Focussing adjuncts: only, even, just…
II. Conjuncts
Sentence compounding: correlative conjunctions, and conjunctive adverbs
III. Disjuncts
Adverbs and subject-verb inversion

CHAPTER 12 Countables and uncountables pdf

CHAPTER 13 The article system pdf

The three article patterns: the forms
The meaning of the articles
Other notes:
Referential or generic?
Teaching the difference: an example

CHAPTER 14 Nouns and pronouns pdf

Personal pronouns (=Definite)
Subject pronouns.
Object pronouns.
Possessive pronouns.
Reflexive pronouns.
Indefinite pronouns
Definite versus indefinite pronouns
Demonstrative pronouns

CHAPTER 15 Prepositions pdf

“Free” prepositions
Spatial prepositions
Time prepositions
Other prepositions
Governed prepositional choice
Prepositions governed by nouns
Prepositions governed by adjectives
Prepositions governed by verbs
Verbs with attached particles (Phrasal verbs)
Prepositions and “cause-effect indicators”

CHAPTER 16 Verbs + prepositions, verbs + particles pdf

CHAPTER 17 Clauses within clauses pdf

Relative clauses
Relative pronouns
Relative clause types
“Reduced counterparts” to relative clauses
Psychological verbs
Verb + -ing as nouns, verbs, and adjectives

CHAPTER 18 Analyzing texts: a teachable skill pdf

Kennedy's inaugural address.
Asimov's "Fuel forever"
Student essays

CHAPTER 19 The sound system of English pdf

The sound system
Minimal pairs
Short and long vowels
Transcription summary {from Mary Haas}
Classroom applications
Teaching sound distinctions
Selective listening through the cloze procedure

CHAPTER 20 Spelling pdf

English Spelling: Sounds and word parts.
Spelling: the -ie- / -ei- mess 269
Spelling prefixes
Consonant doubling
The not-so-silent 'Silent' -e
A well-known spelling list


CHAPTER 21 SLA and Grammar pdf