SEVEN PRINCIPLES FOR GOOD PRACTICE
IN UNDERGRADUATE EDUCATION
By Arthur W. Chickering
and Zelda F. Gamson
Reprinted with permission.
Good practice in undergraduate education:
- encourages contact between students and faculty,
- develops reciprocity and cooperation among students,
- encourages active learning,
- gives prompt feedback,
- emphasizes time on task,
- communicates high expectations, and
- respects diverse talents and ways of learning.
While each practice can stand alone on its own, when all are present their effects multiply.
Together they employ six powerful forces in education:
- diversity, and