GEOG 102 Economic Geography Atlas Exercise
Agriculture is a primary economic activity that has created specific crop production regions. With this part of exercise we are going to explore the geography of the foods you eat. LetŐs begin by exploring dessert. First identify 5 plants that are ingredients in some of your favorite desserts. If you are uncertain, look at the list of ingredients on the package. Look at maps on p. 59-64 to determine the locations where these dessert ingredients are grown.
1. Plant ___Locations___________________________________________________________________________
a. Wheat China, India, Europe, US
b. Coffee Brazil, Colombia, Vietnam, Indonesia
c. Cane Sugar Brazil, India, China
d. Coconut Mexico, Indonesia, Southeast Africa
e. Bananas Ecuador, Colombia, Costa Rica, Phillipines
Now letŐs look at the foods we eat in between our helpings of dessert. Similar to above, identify 5 plants or animals that are ingredients in some of your favorite foods. If you are uncertain, look at the list of ingredients on the package. Look at maps on p. 59-64 to determine the locations where these ingredients are produced.
2. Plant /Animal ___Locations___________________________________________________________________
a. Salmon Alaska
b. Potatoes China, India, Europe, Russia, US
c. Cocoa Beans Cote DŐIvoire, Ghana, Nigeria, Indonesia
d. Rice China, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Vietnam
e. Maize US, China
Secondary economic activity is essentially manufacturing. Secondary economic activities add value to raw materials and other manufactured materials by changing their form to create more useful and valuable products. The increase in value explains why many secondary economic activities are called Ňvalue-addedÓ activities. For example, I have a friend who is a cabinetmaker. He adds value to boards by converting them into cabinets.
While the locations of primary economic activities (mining, forestry, agriculture) are largely determined by physical geography (climate, soil, vegetation and geology), manufacturing is more independent. Manufacturing locations are influenced by several factors that can change rapidly: transportation, energy supply, labor supply, labor costs, fuel costs, tariffs, political stability.
3. The most productive manufacturing is mechanized. Machines run on energy. Where does energy come from? Use the maps between p. 73-75 to identify the geographical distribution of different energy sources.
Energy source (Reserves) Leading sources (List top 3 countries)____________________________
Coal:____________________________US, Russia, China_________________________________________
Petroleum:________________________Saudi Arabia, Canada, Iran
Natural gas: ______________________Russia, Iran, Qatar
Uranium: ________________________Australia, Kazakhstan, US
Hydroelectric capability: _____________China, US, Russia
4. Now letŐs look at which countries lead in the production of these energy sources.
Energy source (Production) Leading sources (List top 3 countries)_____________________________________________________
Coal:____________________________China, US, India
Petroleum:________________________Saudi Arabia, Russia, US
Natural gas: ______________________Russia, US, Canada
Uranium: _________________________Canada, Australia, Kazakhstan
Hydroelectricity: _____________China, Canada, Brazil, _______________
5. The structural skeleton of manufacturing has been steel and aluminum. Which 4 countries lead in the production of raw steel (p. 71)? China, Japan, US, Russia
Which 5 countries lead in iron ore production? (p. 70)? Brazil, Australia, China, India
Do these countries lead in production of steel? Only China Why? Or, why not? China does because it has energy for steel production
What has happened to the USŐs share of steel production during the past 60 years? __It has decreased
Why? Because other countries have begun to produce steel more cheaply.
6. Which 4 countries lead in the production of aluminum (p. 68)? China, Russia, Canada, US,
What ore is the basic ingredient of aluminum? Bauxite
What four countries lead in their reserves of this ore? Australia, Guinea, Brazil, Jamaica
Do these countries lead in production of aluminum? Only Australia Why? Or Why not? Energy availability
What map might help you explain this? Energy production maps
7. Please turn to p. 107. This map gives us some idea in which sector of the economy US workers participate. Which pie slice is biggest in each of the cities represented? Professional, Business, Education and Health Services
Is this primary economic activity? __No__________________ Is this secondary economic activity? __No___________________________
What is it? ___It's the service economy that is classified as either tertiary or quaternary economic activity.
What would the pie charts have looked like 30 years ago?_Manufacturing, and Natural resources, Construction and Mining would be larger.
What will it look like in 30 years? Why? Good question. I think primary and secondary employment will become even less important to the US economy and employment in the service economy will continue to increase. However, if energy prices skyrocket, we might see outsourced employment return to the US because of an increase in transportation costs.