Rivoli Chapter 3 Question Set Key
Identify the collection of resources available to farmers in the
Private companies, farmer cooperatives, universities,
happened to the importance of mules as cotton producers moved to
What factor led to the Bracero program? WWII drained agricultural
laborers out of
What was the AAA? The Agricultural Adjustment Act was a federal price
support program that guaranteed prices and paid farmers to take land out of
production to limit supply of cotton. How did it lead to the demise of sharecropping? Farmers
How did differences in farm size lead to differences in the adoption of
mechanical cotton harvesters? Harvesters were expensive, too expensive for a
Rivoli characterizes the Reinsches’ farm history as “a narrative of discovery
after discovery”. List several of these discoveries. Mechanization,
chemical pesticides, chemical defoliants. What institutions, working in concert, made this
possible? USDA, universities, farmer cooperatives.
8. How have the number and ownership of cotton gins changed during the past century? Decreased a lot How did this affect the Reinsches? It improved their control over the price they received for their cotton bales. It also improved their profits because they owned a share in the cooperatively-owned gin.
List 6 products that the non-lint portion of harvested cotton is used in.
catfish food, peanut butter, cattle feed, soap, potato chips, Olestra
What are 3 ways that growers have pooled resources to profit from production?
Gin, bale compression, denim mill for Levi-Strauss
11. Why did buyers from domestic mills consider West Texas cotton to be of low quality?
Early West Texas growers raised short and weak-fibered cotton.
12. How does Nelson Reinsch avoid the risks of price fluctuations? He pools his cotton in the growers’ cooperative market.
all of the subsidies how much more was the price the
do Step 2 subsidies protect cotton growers and textile mills? They limit the
amount of cotton US textile mills can import, so those mills have to buy more
Write one example of how
Gazelles represent “entrepreneurial spirit and creativity”. Development of multiple products from cotton, scientific research, mechanical innovation
Lions represent political power. Suppressing labor markets, subsidies.
18. Use the terms literacy, property rights, commercial infrastructure, and scientific progress to explain Rivoli’s hesitancy to immediately do away with US subsidies.
Rivoli is hesitant to immediately abolish subsidies because she is certain that other cotton-producing regions do not have the institutions necessary to compete with US growers. They do not have property rights that protect growers’ innovations and sweat equity. They do not have the commercial infrastructure that will allow the timely and efficient transport of cotton. They do not have the support of research institutions to improve cotton production. Cutting off support for US growers will not sufficiently improve the lot of foreign growers and will result in a dramatic decrease in the world supply of cotton. Meanwhile corrupt, inefficient governments will be the primary beneficiaries of the higher cotton prices not the growers.
was Ned Cobb? An African-American sharecropper in