What does Iberian mean?
What cultural traits does this region share with South America?
Why is this an individual realm and not simply included in a large Latin
Memorize the “Major Qualities of Middle America.”
p. 139 Learn the italicized terms and find them on the map on the preceding pages.
What makes the archipelago a hazardous region?
LEGACY OF MESOAMERICA
What is a culture hearth? Why is it important for this realm? Which cultures inhabited this culture hearth?
The Lowland Maya
What environmental characteristics make the Maya special?
What’s a lingua franca and a theocracy? What were the Maya
What were Aztec achievements?
COLLISION OF CULTURES
What allowed Cortés to succeed?
Effects of the Conquest
What was the impact of Spanish conquest on Amerindians?
Why are colonial towns easy to navigate?
How did the Spanish change the distribution of Amerindians?
You are a conquistador. How do you get rich in Middle America?
MAINLAND AND RIMLAND
Where were the foci of Spanish activities and settlement?
Learn the Mainland-Rimland Framework. Find it on the map.
Which of the two -lands is most interesting to you? Which would you
most want to visit? Why?
What’s a hacienda? Where were they? If you were an Indian on
one, what was your life like? What did you do?
What were the 5 characteristics of a plantation? How was it
different from a hacienda?
Characterize the variety in Caribbean Middle America.
Trace the political development of the region.
THE CARIBBEAN BASIN (starts p. 157)
What is the general human condition in Caribbean Middle America?
Characterize the past and present influences of the plantation (sugar) economy on the region.
What motivated Castro? Think about the region as a whole.
Problems of Widespread Poverty
Why does the region remain so poor? Think about markets and
What are urban areas like in the region? Why?
Why does reggae music and Bob Marley seem appropriate for this region?
Ethnicity and Advantage
Learn the color ranking of the region. What is a plural society?
Tourism: Promising alternative?
Explain the title of this section?
MEXICO (Starts at p. 145)
Compare Mexico’s population to the rest of the realm.
Where are the Mexicans? Why? Mexico City ?
Why is transculturation used to characterize Mexico’s population?
Revolution and its Aftermath
What was the purpose of the 1910 revolution? What was the land
What factors caused the recent unrest in Chiapas?
The Changing Geography of Economic Activity
What recent agreement furthered the transformation? Why?
What shocks followed? Why?
Characterize Mexican agriculture.
What is the record of PEMEX?
What and where are maquiladoras? Why are they there? Fig. 4-11
Uneven Regional Development
Write 2-3 sentences that explain the title of this section
NAFTA and Continuing Challenges
Why did we bail them out? What about Mexican exports?
What are the challenges?
THE CENTRAL AMERICAN REPUBLICS
How large? Where are the people? What do those italicized
What are the problems?
Emergence from a Turbulent Era
What was the root of the turbulence?
Learn Guatemala, one of the most beautiful places on Earth.
How is Belize different? How is that changing? What are recent
developments in the economy?
Honduras (my second home)
Why was/is it strategic? What is its economy?
How is it exceptional? What is its export crop? Why the
What’s the history of turmoil? What are the economic prospects?
Why exceptional? What’s its physical geography? What’s the basis of its economy and political stability?
Why strategic? US interests? US history?