___21. Which one of the following statements is false?

a. Evo Morales, Bolivia’s current president, supports an increase in the legal production of coca.

b. The United Nations' International Narcotics Control Board wants Bolivia to ban coca chewing.

c. The US has regulated Bolivia’s coca production in the past.

d. Coca traditionally was produced primarily in the lowlands of the Amazon.

 

___22. Which one of the following statements is false?

a. The Bush Administration linked foreign aid to changes in Bolivia’s coca policy.

b. Evo Morales wants to industrialize coca to benefit Bolivia and help in the fight against drugs.

c. Evo Morales simply wants Bolivian cocaleros to be able to provide coca products for domestic consumption.

d. Bolivia’s coca traders need to have a license to buy or sell coca in local markets.  

 

___23. Which one of the following statements is false?

a. The Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (ALBA) is Hugo Chavez’ alternative to the U.S.-backed Free Trade Area of the Americas.

b. Under Chavez’ leadership,Venezuela has sought to expand its influence in the Caribbean through its discount oil initiative known as Petrocaribe.

c. Petrocaribe is an agreement that has alleviated many Caribbean nations' energy woes and lessened their dependence on U.S. financial aid.

 

___13. Which one of the following statements is false?

 1. The wealthy, landholding, upper-class elite determined the orientation and interaction of post-independence South America.

 2. South America's European Culture Sphere includes Uruguay.

 3. Mestizo-Transitional is the South American Culture Sphere that is most similar to the Caribbean.

 4. Independence swept throughout South America during the first two decades of the 19th century.

 

____14. Which one of the following statements is false?
a. According to the Treaty of Tordesillas the Portuguese got land west of the 50°W meridian.
b. In pre-Columbian South America the Andes supported the largest concentration of humans.
c. Brazilian independence occurred after Portugal moved its monarchy from Iberia to Brazil.
d. The 3 countries that provide more than 75% of the total world supply of cocaine are Bolivia, Peru and Colombia.

 

___4. Which one of the following statements is false?
a. Brazil is relatively industrialized.
b. Considering climate and agricultural products, Chile is the mirror image of California.
c. Plan Colombia was created during the Bush administration.
d. The Incan empire's 20 million inhabitants were ruled by administrators from the Inca minority.

 

___1. Which one of the following statements is false?
a. Great distances and physiographic barriers led to political fragmentation in post-Independence South America.
b. Hidrovia is an example of recent regional interaction in South America.
c. Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, and Brazil have the continent’s highest percentages of urban populations.
d. South America's percentage of urban population is much smaller than that of North America and Europe. 

 

___2. Which one of the following statements is false?
a. Recently, Brazil has experienced a decreasing rate of population growth.
b. The culture sphere with the highest urban percentage is the Amerind Subsistence sphere.
c. Currently large urban areas on the east and north coasts contain the majority of South America’s population.
d. An altiplano is an elongated highland basin in the Andes.