____25. Which one of the following statements is false?
a. Most of the population in North Africa/SW Asia live isolated from water sources.
b. Most Turks, Israelis, Iranians do not speak Arabic as their first language.
c. Islam extends outside the realm and is not the only religion within the realm.
d. Turkish based Muslims spread into SE Europe (Balkans) 1300s-1500

____26. Which one of the following statements is false?
a. Judaism, Islam, and Christianity emerged in this realm
b. Before A.D.1000 Islam spread out of western Arabia to cover much of the region
c. Sunni Muslims are fervent followers who seek Islamic states
d. Lawrence of Arabia was an agent of the British government.

____27. Which one of the following statements is false?
a. Germany, Spain, and Switzerland colonized the Ottoman Empire during the early 1900s.
b. Algeria and Sudan have recently become Muslim states.
c. Iran and Iraq contain significant Shi’ite populations.
d. Mesopotamia is one of the "three discontinuous zones" of petroleum.

____28. Which one of the following statements is false?
a. Languages in the Altaic language family are spoken in this realm.
b. The US is the world's leading exporter of oil
c. Saddam Hussein’s Ba-ath Party emphasized Arab freedom, Arab unity, and a mild form of socialism.
d. Development of the realm’s petroleum resources has caused inter-realm migration.
 
____29. Which one of the following statements is false?
a. Iraq is based on Mosul, Baghdad and Basra, three former Ottoman provinces.
b. The British Mandate of Palestine was established after WW II.
c. There is an uneven distribution of oil.
d. The 5 Pillars of Islam include: the creed, daily prayer, Ramadan, almsgiving, pilgrimage.

____30.  Which one of the following statements is false?
a. Kurds are a significant portion of Mosul’s population.
b. Great Britain included Mosul in Iraq because of the region’s petroleum reserves.
c. To manage their mandate the British hoped to sponsor Arab nationalism vs. the Muslim religion.
d. The Arab nationalists turned out to be pro-British.

____21. Which one of the following statements is false?
a.    Most of the population live isolated from water sources
b.    Arabic is not the native language of most Turks, Israelis and Iranians
c.    Islam extends outside the realm and is not the only religion within the realm

____22. Which one of the following statements is false?
a.    Judaism, Islam, and Christianity emerged in this realm
b.    Before A.D.1000 Islam spread out of western Arabia to cover much of the region
c.    Sunni Muslims are fervent followers who seek Islamic states

____23. Which one of the following statements is false?
a.    Shi'ism recently gained unprecedented influence in Iran
b.    Turkish based Muslims spread into SE Europe (Balkans) 1300s-1500
c.    Germany, Spain, and Switzerland colonized the Ottoman Empire during the early 1900s

____24. Which one of the following statements is false?
a.    The modern state of Israel is ~60 years old
b.    Judaism, Islam, and Christianity all claim Jerusalem as a sacred site
c.    The western Sahara is one of the "three discontinuous zones" of petroleum

____25.  Which one of the following statements is false?
a.    Islam extends outside the realm and is not the only religion within the realm.
b.    ~20% of the world’s Muslims are Arabs.
c.    Most of the population lives where water is not available.

____26.  Which one of the following statements is false?
a.    The 5 Pillars of Islam include: the creed, daily prayer, Ramadan, almsgiving, pilgrimage.
b.    The British Mandate of Palestine was established after WW II.
c.    Algeria, Sudan, Afghanistan have recently become Muslim states