3. Carr, Archie. 1953. ̉The Weeping Woods". In, High Jungles and Low. Gainseville, University Press of Florida.

1. In which season does Carr begin his description? Carr is describing a location that would have a climagraph similar to that of Tegucigalpa.  You should look at that climagraph.

2. Type "Zamarano, Honduras" in Google Earth and you will see that valley and surrounding mountains that he is describing.  Carr worked at the Escuela Panamericano in the Zamarano Valley.

3. Note that Carr mentions the clouds carried by Trade Winds to those peaks.  

4. What is the change in forest trees/type as he ascends from the valley to the peaks?
 
5. What type of forest is montana?  Where are the montanas?

6. What happens to the amount of precipitation as he ascends to the cloud forest?

7. Ocotal is place name in Middle America that means "place of the pines" .  Ocote is a common name for one of the several species of pine trees native to the highlands of southern Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Belize and Nicaragua.  "al" or "ar" is a suffix that means "place of".

8. What does Carr mean when he says that "the transition areas between these vertical zones is the equivalent of many miles of latitude"?

9. Pinabetal = "place of the pinabete pine tree".


10. Guamil = crop land that has been fallowed.  You'll learn more about guamil later this semester.


11. Carr was a naturalist so he included many names of the local flora and fauna.  Only pay attention to those that I mention in these questions/notes.


12. Notice how lush the cloud forest is in comparison to the parched valley below.  This is possible because of greater moisture on those high peaks.


13. In several places Carr uses the word disjunct to describe the distribution of could forests.  Why is that word correct?

Note their distribution and density in the montana.  

15. In what form do cloud forests get their water

16. Why does Carr state that epiphytes are the "dominant plants of the cloud forest"? 

17. What feature of the cloud forest did Carr find to be "striking"? Why?

18.  What is a bromeliad? 

19.  Why would a herpetologist be disappointed in the montana?

21. How does Carr explain the "infrequent occurrence" of the quetzal? 

Skim p. 11 to p. 16.

21. Here are a couple of good sites about the quetzal.

http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/birds/quetzal.html

http://www1.american.edu/ted/quetzal.htm

 

22. With what evidence does Carr base his claim that quetzals are "prisoners"?

23. How do clearance of forest for agriculture, blackberry tangles and peccaries explain the presence or absence of tamagas?  

 24.  Why do you think Carr called this chapter The Weeping Woods"?