Geography 357 Exam 2 Study Guide


Exam Two will be available at our Blackboard site from noon on Sunday, 10/15 until noon on Tuesday 10/17.

The exam will consist of multiple-choice questions, map questions and one or two short essay questions. To prepare for these questions, be sure that you have read the 7 required readings listed below, watched the videos, viewed the ppt, completed the questions sets and studied the question set keys.



1. Brady, S. 1999. An historical geography of the earliest colonial routes across the American isthmus. Revista Geografica 126: 121-143.

2. Sauer, C. O. 1941. The Personality of Mexico. Geographical Review 31:353-364.

3. Curtis, W. 2006.  and a Bottle of Rum. Crown Publishers: New York p. 14-36.

4. Curtis, W. 2006.  and a Bottle of Rum. Crown Publishers: New York p. 37-63.

5. Potter R. & Lloyd-Evans S. 1997. Sun, Fun and a Rum Deal: Perspectives on Development in the Caribbean. FOCUS on Geography  44: 19-26.

6. Abridged chapter from Jared DiamondŐs book Collapse.

7. Babb, F. 2011. Che, Chevys, and Hemingway's Daiquiris: Cuban Tourism in a Time of Globalisation. Bulletin of Latin American Research 30(1): 50–63.

Power Point Presentations




Life and Debt


Sample Multiple-Choice Questions from Past Exams


____2. Which one of the following statements is false?

a. During the colonial period, Nicaragua was a major source of both gold and silver.

b. All of the colonial isthmian crossings included river transport.

c. SpainŐs emphasis was on developing and maintaining infrastructure that linked its Iberian ports to its colonial ports.

d. SpainŐs colonies were prevented from developing manufacturing and intra-regional trade.  


___5. Which one of the following statements is false?

a. Tierra de paz became important in the 1540s when silver was discovered there.

b. Tierra de guerra was found in the Gran Chichimeca.

c. After the discovery of silver Guadalajara become the economic capital of the north.

d. Sauer argued that the tierra de guerra was where "a new nationality was formed".


____1. Which one of the following statements is false? Actually, all of these responses are true. IŐll try not to do that on the exam.

a. The rapid spread of cable television in the Caribbean has intensified the "international demonstration effect."

b. Many of the shops in the CaribbeanŐs export processing zones are foreign-owned, so a large portion of profits leaves the islands.

c. The global process of divergence refers to the widening gap between the world's rich and poor countries.

d. The IMF forced the Jamaican government to devalue its currency.


____4. According to ŇLife and DebtÓ which one of the following statements is false?

a. The IMF believes economic growth comes from free trade in global markets.

b. The IMF does not believe countries can grow their economies by means of self-sufficiency.

c. The IMF forced the Jamaican government increase tariffs and agricultural subsidies.  

d. Jamaican dairy farmers were forced to compete on a Ňlevel playing field,Ó which did not include government protection of domestic agriculture.



Short Essay Questions

I will ask one or two short questions that will come from the list below.

1. Use the following terms to characterize tropical plantations: lowlands, export, monoculture, and labor.

2. Use the following terms to explain how the IMF manipulated the agricultural economy: tariff, devalue, exports, imports.

3. Use the following terms to explain how Caribbean economies are dependent: exports, imports, debt, markets, passive path toward development.

4. Use the following terms to explain how Caribbean populations/economies are in a "global process of divergence" and on a "path of convergence": gap, international demonstration effect, consumption, tourists.

5. Use the following terms to explain how Haiti and the Dominican Republic have followed very different paths of development: precipitation, valleys, soils, agricultural economy, population density, immigration.


6. Explain CubaŐs Special Period and how it caused Castro to sacrifice ideological consistency.