—“Vietnamese and tonogenesis: revising the model and the analysis” 2002. Vietnamese and tonogenesis. Diachronica 19.2:333-363.

—"Tonogenesis revisited: revising the model and the analysis" 2007. [An updating of my Diachronica tonogenesis paper]. Studies in Tai and Southeast Asian Linguistics, edited by Jimmy G. Harris, Somsonge Burusphat, and James E. Harris. Bangkok: Ek Phim Thai Co.  Pp. 263-291. [I very much appreciate Jeff Stebbins helping get this online]

[same paper; different format] This is the same paper as above, but graphically a little clearer type and without the pages numbers of the printed version.

—“Voice quality differences and the origins of diphthongs” (Berkeley Linguistics Society 25.295-303 (2000))

—“Language contact and the directionality of internal drift:
        the development of tones and registers in Chamic.” (Language 71.1:1-31)


—2008. The Sino-Tibetan languages: genetic inheritance, external contact, and change. [in Mandarin] Minzu Yuwen 2008.2:3-15.

—2007. (with Fengxiang "Frank" Li). From Malayic to Sinitic: The Restructing of Tsat [Hainan Cham] Under Intense Contact. SEALS XII: Papers from the 12th meeting of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society (2002). Edited by Ratree Wayland, John Hartman, and Paul Sidwell. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics, 2007. Pp. 133-140.

-2003. Hrê Contact and the Origins of the Haroi Restructured Register System: A Case of Shared Sound Changes. In Papers from the Seventh Annual Meeting of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society, ed. K.L. Adams et al., Tempe, Arizona, pp. 199-207. Arizona State University, Program for Southeast Asian Studies.

—2002. A comment on Gedney's proposal for another series of voiced initials in proto-Tai. Studies in Southeast Asian Languages, edited by Robert Bauer. Pacific Linguistics. Pp. 169-183. (updated 2006)

— in press. The grammaticalization paths of Proto-Chamic *hu ‘receive’. (with Fengxiang Li). To appear in the proceedings of the Chicago Linguistics Society.

Trung: internal reconstruction problem

(1991). "Proto-Hlai (Li): A look at initials, tones, and finals. Kadai and SE Asian Linguistics III. Edited by Jerold Edmondson. Pp. 1-49.

2005. Phan Rang Cham. In The Austronesian Languages of Asia and Madagascar. Edited by Alexander Adelaar and Nikolaus P. Himmelmann. Routledge Language Family Series. London and New York: Routledge. Pp. 489-512.

Cham: The koineization of Cham

2000. Learnability and direction of convergence in Cham: the effects of long-term contact on linguistic structures. Proceedings of the Western Conference On Linguistics. WECOL 2000. California State University, Fresno. Pp. 507-527.

Cham: Crawfurd's Malay of Champa (in a volume honouring P.J. Mistry)

Tsat (Hainan Cham): BLS paper 2002 The restructuring of Tsat grammar under contact with Chinese.

2005. Variation as a reflection of contact: Notes from Southeast Asia. In Variation and reconstruction. Edited by Thomas D. Cravens. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. Pp. 213-220.

Anong: 2007. Contact and attrition in Sun Hongkai's Anong: Complementary sources of change . With Fengxiang Li. SEALS XIII: Papers from the 13th Annual Meeting of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society, edited by Iwasaki Shoichi, Andrew Simpson, Karen Adams, and Paul Sidwell. Pacific Linguistics. The Australian National University, Pp. 279-295.

Anong: The causatives in Sun Hongkai's Anong: Language death and restructuring. Berekely Linguistics Society 29, 2003, pp. 463-471.

Anong: Preliminary draft of Chapter 5 of Sun Hongkai's Anong Grammar. This is a preliminary version of a grammar that is being translated and edited by Graham Thurgood and Fengxiang Li.

1982. Lolo-Burmese (Ngwi-Burmese): Subgrouping on the basis of shared phonological innovations: a Lolo-Burmese case study. BLS (=Berkeley Linguistics Society), pp.251-260.

Hainan Cham, (Phan Rang) Cham, Anong: Hainan Cham,Anong, Phan Rang Cham: Three languages,three social contexts, three patterns of change. Kobe conference, Spring 2006. To appear.

1994. "Tai-Kadai and Austronesian: The nature of the Historical Relationship." Oceanic Linguistics 33.2:346-368.

1989. The subgrouping of Jino. Prosodic analysis and Asian linguistics: to honour R. K. Sprigg. Edited by David Bradley, Eugénie J.A. Henderson, and Martine Mazaudon. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics C-104:251-258.

1988.   K.-prefixes in Kam-Sui and Kadai: some notes. Languages and History in East Asia: Festschrift for Tatsuo Nishida on the Occasion of his 60th Birthday.   Edited by Paul K. Eguchi, Yukio Fujimoto, Nobuyoshi Fukuhara, Masura Hashimoto, Koichi Miya­moto, Atsuchi Iwamoto, Tatsuo Kondo, Masaoki Miyamoto, Osamu Sakiyama, Akihiro Sato, David Sell, Norio Shibata, Ken-ichiro Shirai, Mashiro Shogaito, Shiro Yabu and Kazuhiko Yoshida.   Kyoto: Shokado. Pp. 229-235.

1986. Lolo-Burmese subordinators from case postpositions: several partial etymologies. Proceedings of the Second Annual Meeting of the Pacific Linguistics Conference. Edited by Scott DeLancey and Russell S. Tomlin. University of Oregon. Pp. 449-53.

1986. The nature and origins of the Akha evidentials system. In Evidentiality: the linguistic coding of epistemology. Edited by Wallace Chafe and Johanna Nichols. Ablex. Pp. 214-22.

1985. "Pronouns, verb agreement systems, and the subgrouping of Tibeto-Burman." In Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area: The state of the art. Edited by Graham Thurgood, James A. Matisoff, and David Bradley. Pacific Linguistics Series C - No. 87. Pp. 376-400.


-1981. Notes on the origins of Burmese Creaky tone. Monumenta Serindica. No. 9. 94 Pp. Monograph.

1977. "Burmese historical morphology." Berkeley Linguistics Society 3:685-691.