Preliminary Chapter: Hola

Discussion | Role Play | Lab | Simulation

Activity 1: Discussion

Students work in pairs or groups of three to make a list of the cultural differences studied so far, or others that they may already know. For instance, differences in how to answer the telephone, differences in vocabulary, etc. Students may refer to �Encuentros culturales� p. 12 and 14 in the book for ideas.

Expresiones �tiles
�Cu�les son unas diferencias entre Estados Unidos y M�xico? What are some differences between the United States and Mexico?
�Cu�l es otra diferencia entre M�xico y Espa�a? What is another difference between Mexico and Spain?

Activity 2: Discussion

Ortograf�a (Spelling): Extension for p. 18. Take turns asking each other how to spell names of countries, cities, and other words they know, in Spanish. Mention if the spelling is the same as or different than in English.

Expresiones �tiles
�C�mo se deletrea�? How do you spell�?
�C�mo se escribe�? How do you write�?
e con acento � (e with an accent)
Se escribe en espa�ol tal como en ingl�s. It�s written the same in Spanish and English.
Se escribe diferente en ingl�s. It�s written differently in English.

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Activity 3: Role Play

Presentaciones (Introductions): Students work in groups of four. Two are �estudiantes� and two are �profesores�, someone who would be addressed in the Usted form. Each �student� introduces her/his professor to the other student. All four then must take turns asking each other questions, using the question words and other vocabulary introduced in the chapter.

Expresiones �tiles
Quisiera presentarle a mi amigo (amiga) Juanita. I would like to introduce you to my friend Juanita. (NOTE: This is formal, as when speaking to your professor.)
Pepe, quiero presentarte al profesor Gonz�lez. Pepe, I want to introduce you to Professor Gonz�lez. (NOTE: This is informal, as when speaking to your friend.)

Activity 4: Role Play

Gu�a Telef�nica (Directory Assistance): Students work in pairs, one is the telephone operator at directory assistance and the other needs some phone numbers. Ask for the phone numbers of various people and then thank the operator. You may need to spell out the names, because phone conversations are more difficult to understand. The operator gives the numbers (maximum three per customer call) and says you�re welcome and goodbye. If possible, photocopy a couple of pages from a phone book to use in this exercise, preferably local (otherwise, students will have to invent the names and numbers).

Expresiones �tiles
Telef�nica, buenos d�as� Telephone company, good morning�
Operadora, �en qu� puedo servirle? Operator, how may I help you?
Quisiera el tel�fono de � I would like the phone number of �

Activity 5: Role Play

El examen de geograf�a: (The Geography Exam): Three students are preparing for a geography test and ask each other questions about the capitals of each Spanish-Speaking country. More advanced students may add other questions about where each country is, which country is most populated, etc. (See p. 17 W)

Expresiones �tiles
�Cu�l es la capital de�.? What is the capital of�?
La capital de � es � The capital of � is �

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Activity 6: Lab

Extension of cultural knowledge. Students work in groups of three to name as many cities as they can in each Spanish-speaking country. Use Internet maps to investigate. One good site in English is One good site in Spanish is

The group with the most names reads the names to the class; other groups supplement with additional cities or towns.

Expresiones �tiles
Nombra otra ciudad de Guatemala. Name another city in Guatemala.
�Cu�l es otra ciudad de Guatemela? What is another city in Guatemala.

Activity 7: Lab

Tel�fono (The telephone): Students make �phone calls� to five other students, looking for a friend. If the �friend� is not there, leave a message. Please use the Usted form until you find your friend. You should leave your phone number so the friend can call you back. Ask if your friend has a cell phone if he/she is not there. Get the number. If you find your friend, have a brief conversation and then say goodbye!

Expresiones �tiles
�Se encuentra Josefina? Is Josefina there?
No se encuentra en este momento. She/he is not here right now.
Quisiera hablar con Pablito. I would like to speak to Pablito.
Ya viene. She/he is coming.
Momentico. Just a minute.
�De parte de qui�n? Who is calling?
Habla Sarita. It�s Sara.
�Quiere dejarle un recado? Would you like to leave a message?
D�gale que me llame. Tell him/her to call me.
�Tiene un celular? Does he/she have a cell phone?
�C�al es el n�mero? What is the number?

Activity 8: Lab

Cultural Expansion: Professor assigns each pair two Spanish-speaking countries from different regions to explore online. To the student: With a partner, find out information to complete the following table about the assigned countrys. One possible web site is Two good sites in Spanish are OR

Then report your findings to the class.


Pa�s (Country) #1

Pa�s (Country) #2

Ubicaci�n (location)

Fronteras (borders)

KM de costa (coastline)



Grupos �tnicos


Alfabetizaci�n (Literacy)

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Activity 9: Simulation

La Fiesta. Set up the room as a party, play music from Spanish-speaking artists, and if possible bring some sort of beverage or snacks typical of party food (especially from a Spanish-speaking culture). If wished, put up festive decorations. Students should prepare for this activity by choosing a new identity (from a Spanish-speaking country). They have already learned information about each country, both in textbook and lab activities, which will help them with this. On the day of the simulation, students will have 15-20 minutes to circulate freely and speak with others, asking questions and answering questions to the limit of their ability. Suggest that students talk about where they are from, information about their country/city, what is their profession, where they live now, etc. They can also comment on the music, food, etc. The goal will be to greet appropriately, have short conversations, and say goodbye appropriately.

Expresiones �tiles
�De qu� pa�s (ciudad) eres? What country (city) are you from?
�C�mo es? What is it like?
�Qu� tal la m�sica? What do you think about the music?
�Es fenomenal! It�s great!
�Es horrible! It�s horrible!

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