California State University, Chico

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CSU, Chico Information


Search Help

Query Syntax

Case Sensitivity

Search is not case sensitive. A search for "chico" will match both "chico" and "Chico".

Multiple Search Terms

web services

By default, when searching for multiple terms the AND(+) operator is used. This means that in the example above, search will look for documents that contain both "web" and "services".

See Boolean Operators for other ways to search multiple terms.

Exact Search or Phrase Search

"chico state"

If you need to search for a phrase, enclose the term in double qoutes. Searching for a phrase will return only documents that contain the phrase as it appears between the quotes. The example above will only return a document if it contains the phrase "chico state" (those two words, in that order, with one space in between).

Wildcard Searches

Single-Character Wildcard
te?t

To perform a single-character wildcard search, use the "?" symbol. In the above example search will return results containing "text", "test", and/or "tent".

Multiple-Character Wildcard
test*

To perform a multiple-character wildcard search, use the "*" symbol. In the above example search will return results containing "tests", "tests", and/or "tester".

Single- and multiple-character wildcard search symbols can be used anywhere in the search string.

Fuzzy Searches

roam~

A fuzzy search will look for terms similar in spelling to the one entered. To perform a fuzzy search, use the tilde (~) symbol at the end of a single word term. In the example above, search will find terms like "foam" and "roams".

Proximity Searches

"chico" "state"~10

Proximity search find words that are a within a specific distance. To do a proximity search, use the tilde (~) symbol at the end of a phrase. The example above will search for "chico" and "state" within 10 words of each other in a document use the search:

Boolean Operators

Note that search only supports the symbol variants ("+", "-", "||") of the Boolean operators.

Minus Operator (-)
chico -state

The minus operator "-" is equivalent to "NOT" and excludes documents that contain the term after the "-" symbol.

In the above example, a matching document would be any document that contains the word "chico" but not the word "state"

The minus operator cannot be used with just one term. For example, a search for "-chico" will return no results.

Double Pipe Operator (||)
"web services" || "university communications"

Two pipes "||" (the pipe shares a key with backslash on standard keyboards) is equivalent to "OR" and links two terms to find matching documents in which either term exists.

In the above example, a matching document would be any document that contains the either "web services" and/or "university communications".

Grouping

(chico || state) +web

Chico State's search supports using parenthesis to group clauses (forming sub-queries). In the example above, search would look for documents that contain either "chico" and/or "state" and "web" and "web". Put another way, the example would match documents that contain:

  • the terms "chico" and "web"
  • the terms "state" and "web"
  • the terms "chico", "state", and "web"

Limiting Your Search to a Specific Department

cascade url:"www.csuchico.edu/web"

The CSU, Chico website consists of nearly 50,000 documents. Finding a specific result can be difficult, but you can increase your chances of success by limiting the search to a specific department.

To limit your search to a single department, simply add url:"www.csuchico.edu/{dept}" after your search term(s), where "{dept}" is the root URL for the department in question. Be sure to include the double quotes around the URL and remove any spaces after "url:".

In the above example, we'd be looking for any documents within www.csuchico.edu/web(opens in new window) that contain the term "cascade".